• Document
• Florentine Truher-Lietzau family origins, out of Europe
•  Truher-Lietzau-Schafferius-Kashubians.rtfd

Schafferius Family Update

   Travel in Steerage, 19th Century

Up to the second half of the nineteenth century, the transport of emigrants was only a subsidiary branch of cargo transport, and emigrants consequently travelled in cargo ships temporarily adapted for passengers.

A deck was built between the upper deck and the hold--in German this was known as Zwischendeck. Steerage was primitive. The berths were removed again at the end of the voyage since the space was needed on the return journey for cargo. They were knocked together out of mere planks, narrow and mostly too short.

Mattresses and bedding were provided by the passengers. There were few latrines and ventilation was poor. All the passengers were crowded into this poorly-lit deck both day and night. Only if the weather was good was it possible for them to emerge onto the upper deck.

Medical care was not available. Passengers provided their own food and crockery. (They were provided with water.) For cooking there was a fireplace or two, insufficient--this problem often led to quarrels between passengers and many went for days without a hot meal.

By about the end of the 1870s, the steamship had replaced the sailing ship which improved conditions almost at once. The passage (to the USA) was reduced to seventeen days--compared to the sailing vessel's ninety days. Fast steamers in the 1890s made the crossing in nine days. These were fitted especially for passengers and were better ventilated, had doctors, had privacy for women, and food was more plentiful.

as found in

for the Schafferius Family Update.

Jack found this Australian family interesting, because of similarity in Schafferius

with a nearly identical spelling in the Truher family line. Also in my previous searches,
I found many of the same place of origin names, from whence I learned from the
Los Altos Lietzau descendent. The towns southeast of, and near Danzig which commonly appear in the stories of Truher-Lietzau and Schafferius-Lietza are:

Berent or Koscierzyna, and perhaps Pinczyn. Notice also in the related Colston & Wenck Generalogy that Karl Ferdinand Lietzau is said to hail from Berent (Koscierzyna) Germany, also identified as Kashubian/Pomeranian in Poland.

A Kashubian connection is another suggestive linkage as we learned in the story of Gottlieb Truher, which Jack told in the link:



German troops marched into town on 2 September 1939, and Hitler’s first victims included national activists, men of education and the clergy. The town did not passively surrender to the exterminators but fought back, and carried on fighting until the day of liberation. The first underground movement was a branch of the Polish Home Army organized by Jan Landowski. Another rebel force was the Gryf Pomorski (Pomeranian Griffin) Secret Military Organization. Numerous plaques and monuments in the town commemorate the heroes of those days.
Koscierzyna’s oldest monument is the well-preserved nineteenth century town centre with a unique market square. The four corners of the square are the departure points of two streets which each run at square angles to the square itself. The atmosphere of the small nineteenth century town is still present here. The fourteenth century plan of the town’s centre is still evident, although, due to the ravages of numerous fires, the oldest buildings date to the eighteenth century. A two-storied town hall built in 1843, with its distinctive clock on top, is the oldest building in the market square. Most of the residential buildings on the market square and the adjacent streets were built at the turn of the nineteenth century. The eighteenth century structures are represented by two interesting buildings: a house on Koscielna Street that belonged to the well-known town potters, the Budzynski family, and a residential building on Dluga Street. The seat of the local court is a fine example of old Neo-Gothic architecture.
Monuments of sacral art include the Neo-Baroque Holy Trinity parish church, built in 1914 – 1917, which replaced an older, smaller brick church. Its interior has retained its baroque and rococo character thanks to altars, a baptismal font and a pulpit salvaged from other churches which had been destroyed in fires. The church is the sanctuary of the Virgin Mary of Koscierzyna. Since the end of the seventeenth century, annual pilgrimages to the Wejherowo Calvary have begun from here. In the chapel next to the Neo-Gothic Angelic Virgin Mary convent school there is a pietà, a fifteenth century masterpiece of Pomeranian mason-work. The slender spire of the once Evangelical church and today a Catholic convent sanctuary towers over the area. The structure’s interior design, especially an admirable palm vault, altars and sculptures, are all the work of Koscierzyna’s famous sculptor Franciszek Greinke. The nineteenth century sacral structures include the Neo-Romanesque St. Barbara cemetery chapel from the 1880s, which replaced the eighteenth century church.
Koscierzyna’s necropolis is the final resting place for the ashes of the Kashubian region’s most worthy sons. Tomasz Rogala was a shoemaker by profession, but he was also a member of many patriotic societies and an organizer of workers’ meetings and the school strike of 1906. Rogala, referred to as the Kashubian King, made himself famous for his patriotic speech defending the Kashubian region at the Versailles peace conference. Lubomir Szopinski was a talented and devoted Koscierzyna-born composer and conductor and the founder of the Kashubian choir which subsequently grew into the Song and Dance Band of Kashubia. Another man of great local renown was Leon Heyke, a priest and folklorist, as well as a talented author of dramatized stage anecdotes often performed in Kashubia. His greatest achievement as a poet, however, is
Piesnie Polnocy (Songs from the North) in the volume entitled Kszëbszcie spiewë. Primary School No. 2 bears his name in commemoration of his merits.
The group of regional celebrities also includes Aleksander Majkowski - a  doctor, a poet, a regional activist and the founder of the Young Kashubia movement. He fought not only against the Germanization of Kashubia but also against provincial parochialism. He worked for previously existing organizations and set up new ones, such as the People’s Reading-Rooms Society or the Kashubian House. He initiated the publishing of the
Gryf (The Griffin) magazine which addressed Kashubian matters. He struggled to awaken Kashubian awareness among the local people. He wrote: “My Kashubian brothers, be yourselves!”. A commemorative bust of Majkowski has been placed at the foot of the old castle hill.
Kashubia was also a birthplace of Jozef Wybicki, the  author of the Polish national anthem. There is a monument in his honour in one of Koscierzyna’s main streets. Today, the National Anthem Museum is located in Bedomin (east of Koscierzyna) in the old manor-house where Wybicki was born on 29 September 1747. This replaced the Wybicki Commemorative Chamber in 1978 thanks to the efforts of the Kashubian and Pomeranian Association.
source for text above has been lost
but check this out
leads to German language sources:*,0,0

History of the land of the Kashubs
Tags: Kashubians
History of Cassubia is lengthy and interesting. The Kashubs have lived in Pomerania for over a thousand years, but their written history begins as late as 1238 AD. Pope Gregor IX called then the Stettinian prince Bogusław “the prince of Cassubia”. It is the oldest document known that mentions Cassubia, by which is understood the Western Pomeranian principality that existed from the 12th to 16th century and reclined to German political influences and military power.
In Eastern Pomerania since the end of the 12th century also existed an independent principality ruled by Subisław and his progeny. The most famous of them was Świętopełk who ruled the Gedanian Pomerania in years 1219-1266. His son Mściwój II ruled the land since 1271, unfortunately he had no successor. In 1282, he bequeathed his land to the Posnanian prince Przemysław II. When he died in 1294, Cassubia entered into a union with Poland and Przemysław was crowned a king of the newly augmented kingdom. At the beginning of 1296, he was assassinated though and his land invaded by the neighbors. Following that, in Cassubia began a long period of the Teutonic Knights’, intertwined with the Polish rule that lasted (with breaks) until the partitions of Poland (1772-1796). Then, for over 120 years, Kashubian land remained under the rule of Prussia. In 1920, it was taken over by Poland to which, less the Second World War years, it still belongs.
The Kashubs are a Slavonic nation most closely related to the Poles. Their language, Kashubian, belongs to the group of Slavonic languages and consequently resembles Polish, Russian and Czech. Because of the lengthy German neighborhood, Kashubian has incorporated many words derived from the Germanic languages, mainly German, but Kashubian grammar closely resembles that of Polish. The Kashubs pronounce some words in a manner similar to Poles, but use more vowels. Kashubian contains multiple dialects and a different variation of the language is spoken by the sea, in the area around Wejherowo, Kartuzy, or in the Tucholian Forests that form the southern border of Cassubia.
For many years Kashubs displayed a frail sense of their national identity, culture and language. Inadequate education, poverty, illiteracy, and German oppression afforded the latter decisive dominance in the area. The Kashubs were treated as the second-class citizens; a nation of a lower rank. At times they have endorsed similar attitudes themselves frequently showing no desire to change their dim fate. They could not imagine the world beyond their limited confines, as their rational horizons were rather narrow.
The first to recognize the distinctiveness of the Kashubian folk from their neighbors was Florian Ceynowa. He is known as the “Awakener of the Kashubs”. He has learned the Kashubian language, tried to collect its vocabulary and define its spelling. Active in the second half of the 19th century, he wrote and kept publishing short Kashubian stories along with scientific works. Unfortunately, he failed to “wake up” the Kashubs, became tired of the job and for the rest of his life worked as a physician. He died in 1881.
But soon the cultural level of Cassubia rose and the first Kashubian books appeared. The most famous of them was “O panu Czorlińsczim co do Pucka po sece jachôł” (About Mr. Czorlińsczi who went to Puck to buy the fishing nets) by Hieronim Derdowski. Its author also was a Kashubian activist who lived toward the end of the 19th century later immigrating to America where he kept publishing a popular magazine for American Poles called “Wiarus” (The Veteran). He died in 1902, aged 50.
Near the end of the century a Kashubian activist, Aleksander Majkowski, soon realized that he would not accomplish much working alone. Therefore he formed an organization dedicated to Kashubian matters which he called Towarzystwo Młodokaszubów (Society of Young Kashubs). It was active between 1912 and the start of the First World War. Its successes were rather few and far between but it has initiated collaboration of Kashubian activists. Majkowski himself continued to be active after the war later turning to literary works. Amongst others he wrote the greatest Kashubian novel “Żëcé i przigodë Remusa” (Life and Adventures of Remus) and a draft of the history of the Kashubs. He died in 1938.
Towards the end of his life Majkowski became a dedicated supporter of the young Kashubian activists who in 1929 formed Zrzeszenie Regionalne Kaszubów (Kashubian Regional Union). It incorporated Aleksander Labuda, Jan Trepczyk, Stefan Bieszk, Jan Rompski, Feliks Marszałkowski, and Rev. Franciszek Grucza. They published the “Zrzesz Kaszëbskô” (Kashubian Union) magazine and tried to enliven and alleviate the Kashubian culture and activity. Although they met with obstacles on the part of the Polish pre-war authorities and other regional circles and institutions, they managed to do a lot for the promotion of the Kashubian language and literature. Very well known are Labuda’s short stories (editorials ), Trepczyk’s songs, as well as the Kashubian translation of “The New Testament” authored by Rev. Grucza.
During the war the Kashubs lived under the German terror. Many were treated as Germans and forcibly enlisted into the Hitlerian army as cannon fodders. Thousands of inhabitants of this land were killed in public executions, in combat or Nazi concentration camps. Amongst them were Kashubian activists, e.g. Rev. Leon Heyke, bishop Konstantyn Dominik, the Mayor of Wejherowo Teodor Bolduan, or teacher Stefan Lewiński. In Cassubia throughout the war an underground organization „Gryf Pomorski” (Pomeranian Griffon) performed its anti-German actions.
After the liberation a verification of the Kashubs fighting in the Third Reich army was ordered alongside the rehabilitation of people who more or less voluntarily declared themselves as Germans during the war in this part of Poland. A feeling of mistrust to Kashubs came prevalent within the Polish authorities and lasted for many years.
At the end of 1956, a group of Kashubian intellectuals managed to set up a local organization called Zrzeszenie Kaszubskie (Kashubian Association) that later renamed itself to Zrzeszenie Kaszubsko-Pomorskie (Kashubian-Pomeranian Association). From the word go it has tried to take care of the Kashubian language and culture, document the history of the area, collect and protect the Kashubian folklore, inspire and create Kashubian literature and in many ways „wake” the Kashubs. The Association counts a few thousand members, conducts many actions and leads several institutions, while publishing numerous books devoted to Kashubian matters. Recently it launched the issuance of a three-volume publication entitled “The History of the Kashubs” whose first volume has already been released and written by Prof. Gerard Labuda, the best known of all living Kashubs in the world.

Maps – Kashubia Throughout History
Tags: Kashubia , Kashubians , Pomerania , Pomeranians
Kashubia Throughout History
The presented maps are based on research of Prof. Dr Józef  Borzyszkowski as published in his book “Historia Kaszubów” [en. History of Kashubians], Gdańsk 1999.They also reflect studies conducted by Dr Jan Modrawski as published in “Geografia współczesnych Kaszub” [en. Geography of Contemporary Kashubia], Gdańsk 1999.

Pomeranians (Kashubians) between 800-950, A.D.

Pomeranians (Kashubians) around 925, A.D.

Pomeranians (Kashubians) around 1180

Pomeranians (Kashubians) around 1220

Kashubians around 1370

Kashubians around 1640

Kashubians around 1660

Kashubians in 19th century

Kashubians 19th/20th century

Kashubians between 1918-1939

Kashubians in 20th century

• Gottlieb family and children in Minnesota, 1870-1940
• data sheet 1: rhhimage
• data sheet 2 rhhimage
• data sheet 3 imagerhh
• Image
• Florentine Truher-Lietzau family origins, out of Europe
• Emerging investigation as to Truher European emigrant origins.

Much of what follows is based on a brief conversation with a niece of Pat Schonborg, a distant Truher-Lietzau cousin. Remember Florentine Truher-Lietzau was married first to Martin Truher with whom she had two sons; then Florentine married a Mr. Lietzau with other children. All this in Germany. Florentine's sons emigrated to America in late 1870s. These last village in Europe is not confirmed,. My best guess about their last point of origin is
Koscierzynak (German name: Berent).


same url:

Here are some possible village origins, currently being re-evaluated) from this region of West Prussia, southwest of Danzig, Pomerania, etc.





German records were largely destroyed by the Poles after WWII, but there is also reconstruction or removal of records to East German territory organizations.

We even have located an 18th century Susanna Truher, but no confirmation of our blood line.

We have other indications that the Florentine Truher-Lietzau people were from much farther south - Lietzau near Leipzig. Florentine herself said she was from just south of Berlin, according to Ron Haack's tape with Augusta Truher Haack's daughter.

Wherever they came from in the particular, these people were Saxon stock - the same who invaded England and left their mark there, long before they invaded America to Minnesota, leaving California with us.
• Gottlieb & Karoline Truher immigrants arrive in New York, July 8, 1870
• 3-Gottlieb & Karoline - another formulation --

Here's is email text connecting Bogenschneider's we text as from an email Jack to a few on or about 2010m0903.

We know from other document in this folder that August Truher arrived in New York July 8, 1870.

Jack starts out tonight with picture Ron and I have had for years. Lots more on the web now. So we wind up with some outstanding representations of a sister ship (meaning same technology & general appearance),

San Salvador, to August Truher's Western Metropolis


Start with

image Then work on that image

The sail-and-steam Western Metropolis used an engine of the "walking beam" type. Note the xxxxmast(?) rising through the deckhead of her wheelhouse. ==

San Salvador


San Salvador


imageimage  1895 ... WESTERN METROPOLIS Built 1856, at Buffalo, N. Y. HULL, of wood, by Bidwell, Banta & Co.; 340 feet over all; 40 feet beam, and 18 feet depth of hold. Tonnage 1,860 ONE BEAM ENGINE, by Merrick & Towne, Philadelphia, PA., diameter of cylinder 76 1/4 inches, by 12 feet stroke TWO BOILERS...


see full image,
Western Metropolis-EXT00419f,

• Truher_Gottlieb Kaszubs Jones Island, Milwaukee, 1872 as property custodians
• 2 - Gottlieb-goonsDominion.doc is a filed dated 2009-12-25 which explains the setting in an email exchange between Ron Haack and Jack Truher in 2010.

Ronald H. Haack wrote:
> Anyone like to hazard a guess as to where on attached Earth map is that Gottlieb marsh land?
> Ron Haack
> < >

Jack Responds on 2009m1226 at 7:35 a.m.

No question: The property in question was called Jones Island. That original triangular space has been expanded by fill to become an industrial area with a sewage treatment plant, among other things. Jones Island sits as an ithsmuth just East of the University of Wisconsin Great Lakes Research Facility (increase magnification on last image of attached PDF).

The PNG attachments have text which I captured a few days ago from the record in my summary, which we have all seen. One reads on these PNG the circumstance under appeal.
Without complete certainty, I understand the appeals case in Wisc supreme court as follows:
In the 1872-1902 era squatters could sometimes assume Prima Facie title by exercising what I would call de-facto ownership by acceptance of peers and a record of good stewardship. Gottlieb may have implied some such presumed rights over the whole island, when he accepted $100 from Musa, who then assumed such a role as senior among squatters. For $100, Musa said he took ownership of Gottlieb's house and also the whole of the Island. Over time, things changed gradually until Illinois Steel Co became the dominant controlling operator on the growing Island. At this point, Musa attempted to assert his presumed Prima Facie title as a plaintiff in a civil suit against Illinois Steel, which suit was rejected in a court case that Haack-Truher in 2009 has not yet discovered. Musa appealed.

In the course of testamony to the original court hearing, Musa insisted that Gottlieb represented himself as a Prima Facie owner of Jones Island. Gottlieb said contrarily that he exercised only had such prima facie relationship to his house and perhaps its immediate property, not the entirety of Jones Island.

Musa appealed to the Wisconsin superior court, resulting in the record that we are reading in Wisconsin Superior court and American State Report google books. I don't recall reading a resounding rejection of Musa appeal in the record of appeal, but I assume that's what he got. Illinois Steel is presumed by me to have won the appeal. By the definition below, absence of of endorsement of a plaintiff's appeal by a court means the plaintiff lost.

Gottlieb's apparent refusal to join Musa may have been the basis for the bad vibes with Gottlieb that Ron has learned about elsewhere, and/or there may have been other tensions about a later property that Gottlieb had shared interest.


prima facie [Latin, On the first appearance.] A fact presumed to be true unless it is disproved.

In common parlance the term prima facie is used to describe the apparent nature of something upon initial observation. In legal practice the term generally is used to describe two things: the presentation of sufficient evidence by a civil claimant to support the legal claim (a prima facie case), or a piece of evidence itself (prima facie evidence).

For most civil claims, a plaintiff must present a prima facie case to avoid dismissal of the case or an unfavorable directed verdict. The plaintiff must produce enough evidence on all elements of the claim to support the claim and shift the burden of evidence production to the respondent. If the plaintiff fails to make a prima facie case, the respondent may move for dismissal or a favorable directed verdict without presenting any evidence to rebut whatever evidence the plaintiff has presented. This is because the burden of persuading a judge or jury always rests with the plaintiff.


"In 1872 some nine families resided on the territory called "Jones island." It was then, and had been theretofore and was thereafter, all covered by water, except as artificially changed. In 1872 one Truher had a house on the submerged territory, supported in some way in the shallows, or resting on a piece of made land, but just how did not clearly appear. Truher pretended to exercise dominion over the entire territory and prevented any person from locating thereon without his permission."

We read in Illinois Steel Co. v. Bilot - about Jones Island.,_Milwaukee

We can find a nice historical map of Jones Island, at the terminus of the Menominee River and Kinnickinnic River..

Jack writes again on 2009m1226 at 1:07 p.m.
on subject: "Gottlieb's Goons and Musa De Niro

This whole thing is really weird but interesting. why would gottlieb turn "states evidence" so to say? gottlieb and musa had some dispute apparently.

Ron said recently that he recalled that both Gottlieb and Jakob were employed by the Steel Company. The company could easily make it worthwhile that one or both of the brothers could be paid off or otherwise benefit from a favorable testimony in a legal contest for prime industrial waterfront property at the intersection of major riverways. Since Gottlieb arrived first, and had established himself, he would have had advantage over Jakob in such a back room negotiation, breeding the sort of competition for advantage that might damage a relationship.

Gottlieb's living on a swamp fill is not likely to have been a choice that Caroline and 6 year old August would have endorsed, or even endured. The wind whistling off Lake Michigan had to be unimaginable for long periods. The company might have planted August there among the squatters, specifically to favor a later settlement in favor of the company and eject the squatters.

It seems unlikely that laborers Gottlieb and Jakob would be situated in their own two story family dwellings not long off the boat, unless they had exploited some angle. We know that Jakob never rose above a laborer. Gottlieb as well, though he was a failed farmer for a decade in another comfortable house, until he moved his family into a third in Minneapolis. Pretty good for laborers: one with like 5 children and the other with eight or whatever.

All speculation, but more than possible, given the stories of family tension that persisted for generations.

Attached (again) is picture Ron sent of Jakobs nearby family home and grave stone.

Jack writes again at 2:53 pm
on subject: Poles vs German tension on Jones Island.

remember this segment of court text:

"In 1872 some nine families resided on the territory called "Jones island." It was then, and had been theretofore and was thereafter, all covered by water, except as artificially changed. In 1872 one Truher had a house on the submerged territory, supported in some way in the shallows, or resting on a piece of made land, but just how did not clearly appear. Truher pretended to exercise dominion over the entire territory and prevented any person from locating thereon without his permission."

following the speculations just offered, how indeed did Gottlieb "exercise dominion" or "prevent any person". He did not appear in pictures to be particularly dominant physical personage. Perhaps the company provide the muscle. Rather than actually living on the property with his family, it would make more sense that Gottlieb spent enough time there to look legitimate to earlier squatters, with constant visitors and company from company enforcers, almost certainly armed, because it was "hunters and fishing" excursioners that Gottlieb is reported to have repelled. All it would take is a few big fellows with attitude and weapons.

If the company lost interest, or the racket looked shakey, or the game was exposed and stopped by police, perhaps Musa came on the scene, with a more subtle approach. Managements change. Later Musa may have thought he was on his own, and so behaved in court.

Gottlieb's mental instability may have come from emotional trauma for living conflicted by threat of retaliation in response to his use of goon squads. What better place to escape than the Plains of Minnesota. Why not settle a distance away, more comfortably, after things cooled off. Minneapolis would be far enough.

Who will write the novel on this screenplay? Robert De Niro could be old man Musa telling the story, about how everybody got something out of the deal alive. Good ending, even if our Gottlieb went nuts for a time. He probably started out a little crazy.

Brother Jim writes also on 2009m1226 at 1:39 p.m.

There was a lot going on back then…….

*Bay View Massacre*

*From Wikipedia*

Wisconsin Historical Marker

The *Bay View Massacre* (sometimes also referred to as the *Bay View Tragedy*) was the culmination of events that began on Saturday May 1, 1886 when 7,000 building-trades workers joined with 5,000 Polish laborers who had organized at St. Stanislaus Catholic Church <,_Wisconsin%29 > in Milwaukee, Wisconsin <,_Wisconsin > to strike < > against their employers, demanding an eight-hour work day < >.

By Monday, these numbers had increased to over 14,000 workers that gathered at the Milwaukee Iron Company rolling mill in Bay View <,_Milwaukee >. They were met by 250 National Guardsmen under order from Governor Jeremiah M. Rusk < > to "shoot to kill" any strikers who attempted to enter. Workers camped in the nearby fields and the Kosciuszko Militia arrived by May 4 < >. Early the next day the crowd, which by this time contained children, approached the mill and were fired upon. Seven people died as a result, including a thirteen-year-old boy.^[1] <> Several more were injured during the protest.

Jim Truher


One of the tensions here is that between Poles and Germans at the time that Gottlieb arrives on Jones Island. The text below explains that Germans arrived on Jones Island in "1870". Residents remained as squatters until 1940, when the island was surrounded by fill, as part of the city shipping port, undoubtedly by eminent domain.

Magnify a google map of Jones Island and you learn about a tiny park on the Island named after the earlier-than-Gottlieb Polish fishermen, Kaszubes among others:


"This is the smallest park in the milwaukee county park system. The park is named after the Kaszubes who once inhabited Jones Island before it became a peninsula. The park is marked by an anchor with a plaque and the stump from a large willow tree that until recently was at the center of the park. The park has been landscaped since the demise of the tree, and a portion of the dismembered trunk can be seen on the other side of the chain link fence bordering the park."

and from

Jones Island
Main article: Jones Island, Milwaukee

"Jones Island is a peninsula located at the Milwaukee Harbor. It began as a fishing village populated by Polish settlers from the Kaszub region as well as some German immigrants in 1870. The settlers made their living by fishing Lake Michigan. Having never officially obtained a deed for the land, they were considered squatters by the City of Milwaukee and evicted in the 1940s. The city then proceeded to make way for a shipping port as part of an inner harbor design.

"The area is now heavily industrialized, containing only a few mature trees. Jones Island hosts much of the city's municipal services, including the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District. The area supports the Hoan Bridge and includes a shipping port, the Port of Milwaukee."

In support of my earlier screenplay, explain how a German in 1870s manages to take dominion over an island long inhabited by a dozen polish fishing families. Not done without muscle. The contempt that the Truher's had for Poles was explained to me at length as a child.
• HBT Photo Album PA1 √ Jim2-Jack 1930s-1940s (pics and text)
 August Truher's Elgin Pocket Watch came into possession of JWT1 and then JWT2. Jim found early 1900s catalog ; this from his email as follows:

"I have our GF Truher’s 19-jewel Elgin gold pocket watch that was made in 1912 (I think based on a number on the movement) and used when he was a railroad conductor. It still works like a fine pocket watch should. It is displayed in a glass bell on the top of my dresser and is shown as the center watch in the photo below. The warranty is no good anymore since it expired after 20 years. There are several etched indications of maintenance activities on the inside of the back cover that easily screws off."

same URL

Elgin URL
• HBT Photo Album PA11 Jim2 1957-1985 La Canada family
  album page HBT_PA11_31c2014
• Haack_Ron's, great genealogy charts
 Subject: MINNEAPOLIS MAP IN PDF 1875-1950s

From: "Ron Haack" < >
To: "John Burke Truher" < >,

Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2005 16:51:32 -0500

Hi, Cousins,

Handy little family research tool at:

From the Minneapolis Public Library, this is a very late model street map of Minneapolis, in color. Big enough so that you can zoom into your old home sites very nicely.

For example, Snelling Avenue comes up a lot in the Haack/Zadach history. The trick is to locate Lake Street (east-west), lower 1/3 of map, scroll over from the vertical center toward the Mississippi until you see the slanted Hiawatha and Minnehaha streets, and there, right between them and touching Lake street, is Snelling Avenue, birthplace of my dad Herb Haack and a lot more!

Off Lake street a bit further west is the Cedar and Lake intersection, heart of old Haack/Zadach/Truher, etc. land. 18th Avenue South is one block west of Cedar Avenue. Homesteads of the Haacks and Zadachs are in that area, as well as the home of Bill and Tillie Frank (where Caroline Pein Truher died). The burial site of many of our clanspeople is further west along Lake street until you get to Hennepin Avenue, then south on Hennepin until it dead ends in Lakewood Cemetery.

Ron Haack
• NoteTaker
• Haack_Ron's, great genealogy charts
• What are the many other surname connections to Truher surname, to be found on Ron Haack's genealogy web site,

Many of these relations are remote to the immediate interest of a Truher oriented reader.  But the connections are real, and indicate the richness of the lives Ron Haack and researched and from which we were (unfortunately) so disconnected personally.  But there are cultural connections.  We learn more about ourselves when we consider what choices our relatives made.  Finally we can learn more of we are part of known 19th and early 20th century history.
• Sound
• 2003m0711 Some voice recordings in this Notebook.
• <a href="attachments/NoteTaker-2003_10_07-12_16.mp3">NoteTaker-2003_10_07-12_16.mp3</a>

Recorded Tuesday, October 07, 2003 12:16:14. Duration 00:13
• Standard
• Fords of Ohio, Plum Run Cemetery, 19th century. √
• Early Ford immigrant family was spread from Ohio's Warren County. Cemetery monuments still stand (some toppled) at the Plum Run Cemertery, Hamilton Township, Warren County, Ohio.

same link:

2008m1129 Ron Haack and Jack are in communication to revised his excellent Family Tree Makes ancestor charts and data. I will cite whatever I can here in coming weeks - if all goes well. Lots more data available on my hard drive under genealogy-ford folders than in this section.

2010m0424 Here is a file I made by extracting from a Plum Run cemetery web site:

• Web Page
• 2003m1007 Vitae (terse) on Jack Truher √
• Vitae on Jack Truher. √

Jack Truher was born in Seattle, Washington in 1938; attended elementary and high school in Pasadena,California; then Stanford University, leaving with a B.S. in physics in 1960. After a few years as a physicist at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and as a reserve missile officer with the United States Army, Jack joined the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in 1965. At SLAC for 31 years, here is how some of
Jack's varied concentrations contributed to various aspects of high energy accelerator and especially magneto-optical beam delivery systems. This work is derived from a branch of applied physics called accelerator physics.

Jack lives in Los Altos, California 94024, at 10569 Creston Drive. Phone is 408-732-1859, Email < >.

• 2005m0507 Nth cousin define √
• Nth cousin defined. So you think you might be a 3rd cousin, twice removed. What does that mean?

I saved some text about that:

from RootsWeb Review, 3 December 2003, Vol. 6, No. 49 email
see here below:
• HBT Photo Album PA1 √ Jim2-Jack 1930s-1940s (pics and text)
•  Picture A. Baby Jack with brother Jim.

Picture B. unknown woman

Picture C. unknown man with baby girl.

Picture D. Farmland in Wenatchee perhaps.

Picture E. JWT2

Picture F. Helen and Jimmie Truher. Woman may be grandmother Kate Burke; not clear.

Picture G. Jackie at perhaps 3 months old with Jimmie standing guard.

Picture H. Perhaps the Scenic Rail yard. A couple years ago, I found this Scenic Railroad scene which I labeled and remember as from a website about Scenic. Also notice that the building at left of this Scenic Railroad depot has a sign which ends in "enic". We may assume that elements of the Truher family used this train regularly, as did Truher visitors. Comparing this Picture G with the URL of this paragraph shows the same steep hills.

same URL:
•  picture D. Jimmie at over two years old with his father, and two men. The man at left is Jack Coyle, dad's (JWT1's) construction company owner and boss for much of the era. The other man could be his son or, by appearance, his younger brother. JWT2 confirmed this independently after checking this picture online. Jack Coyle, and perhaps the other man, were killed on a bid trip to Alaska, ending my father's business relationship with that company, and the little company itself. I don't know what the work was in Alaska. It may have been the Great Alaska Highway , "built as a military road between 1942-44." It may be that Jack's parents' peculiar early compromise which named JBT as John Truher, but nicknamed as Jack Truher, was motivated by the respect appreciation that father JWT1 had for Jack Coyle. Emotional ties were not easy for my father to express. The name, John, was traceable to my mother's uncle John Burke. Michael Barrett Truher was named for my grandmother Helen Barrett (Nellie) Truher.

same link:
•  Picture D. Brother Jim thinks this is himself with grandmother Burke and mother Helen at Silverton , in Snohomish County , Washington State. Note the steep hill in background.
•  picture F1. There are two stories associated with this picture in the course of this NoteBook preparation. The most likely location of the shack photo was at Berne, (Washington State), not at Sauvies Island (near Portland) as Jim2 has recently reconstructed (just below). The reason that Jack feels confident that picture F is at Berne is from the first page, with accompanying photo page, of the the text description that my mother HBT left us with on Jim2's early life. This story runs some 28 pages, and will hopefully be made available online as well. The picture there, while copied many times, is clearly the same Picture F shack. Mother's contextual story clearly connects this shack with the period of her late pregnancy with Jim2 at Berne, and with the legendarily dynamite blasted tree stump that flew a hundred yards over a roadway to position itself as back porch of dad's new shack.

Berne is located on the same rail line as the
more often discussed Scenic . Berne is on the Eastern side of the "Old Cascade Tunnel" built about 1900, while Scenic is on the Eastern side of that tunnel. There was a New Cascade Tunnel as well.

same URL:

The web page just cited makes connections with several of the locations often referenced in Truher family Lore. Scenic and Berne are on the same rail line which led August Truher from Minnesota to the Tacoma station and with his family to nearby Kent, Washington. On the Eastern side of the Cascades through the same railroad mountain pass is Wenatchee. Skykomish is on the line.

So Jim2's story below, of another smaller shack at Sauvies Island belongs therefore in a different year, when Jim was starting school at five years old. A more appropriate location in this NoteBook for Jim2's recollections will be found in due course.
•  picture F3. Brother Jim wrote, "this is the one room shack that dad built on Sauvies Island, although it looks slightly larger than I remember. The thumbnail picture below is the house that dad built in a day at Sauvies Island. Dad standing with an unidentified woman. What I do remember is the privy outside, the porch was the stump of a tree about the size of the felled tree in the photo, a room divider made of a rope and blanket, and starting school a short distance away in a 2 room school house with 4 grades in each room, eating a real mud pie with sugar given to me by two mean little girls."


Other of Jim's report follow:

From: "James W. Truher"
Subject: "House" where Jack and I lived summer/fall in 1940.
Date: Fri, 18 Oct 2002 19:26:25 -0700

"I started 1st grade in a 2 room school house while
living in this shack with Jack and parents. Sauvies Island then was reachable only by a 3 car, 150 yard ferry ride. Sauvies is a few miles N/W of Portland on the edge of the Columbia River. The porch was a tree stump and the toilet was an outside hole in the ground with a shed built around it behind the house. My memory is that Dad built this in a day, it was one room inside divided by a blanket hung from a clothes line inside."

Sent: Friday, October 18, 2002 4:51 PM
Subject: Jim & Helen Truher family, on road jobs

"Jim is looking for some scenes from Scenic, the mountain areas near Seattle when our dad was a highway superintendent for a small, contractor name Coyle (more eventually explained later in this book).

Jack adds here: From this album, PA1, here are the most likely pages I could find set the Scenic:
PA1_12 (A-E; not F), PA1-16 A, PA1_17 (A; less B), PA1_18 (all; less B & C)."

Brother Jim found a map which
includes Silverton, Scenic, and Wenatchee (upper left in sequence to lower right on map). All of these place were major stopping points on the tour of Truher family adventures from 1934 - 1941.

same url:
picture A. HBT's sister Edna Burke with her mother, Kate Burke, at porch of Kate's home in south-central-west Los Angeles on West 73rd Street (see map) between Van Ness St. and Western Ave in Los Angeles, near Figueroa. Boy is Bobbie Burke, Milo's son by his first wife.
• album page HBT_PA1_00 cover
• album page HBT_PA1_01
• album page HBT_PA1_02
• album page HBT_PA1_03
• album page HBT_PA1_04
• album page HBT_PA1_05
• album page HBT_PA1_06
• album page HBT_PA1_07
• album page HBT_PA1_08
• album page HBT_PA1_09
• album page HBT_PA1_10
• album page HBT_PA1_11
• album page HBT_PA1_12
• album page HBT_PA1_13
• album page HBT_PA1_14
• album page HBT_PA1_15
• album page HBT_PA1_16
• album page HBT_PA1_17
• album page HBT_PA1_18
• album page HBT_PA1_19
• album page HBT_PA1_20
• An earlier, very partial version of this outline format web presentation is available elsewhere .

From there or from the links below, you can also preview the album pages, full screen, without text, using only the web page BACK function. But you can do that much better from this page. So use this alternative page only if you can't operate this page. Let me know of any problems.

I don't know when I got this album. Because mother has added my wife Nancy's picture on the cover, I may have received the album directly from mother HBT. Perhaps I got the album from JWT2 a couple years ago.
• Brother Jim believes he recognizes some of the photos in this album as from Silverton, which Jim remembers, but I do not. So I had to find another HBT album in the house for a better picture of Silverton. Here's what we have around the house and on the web.

From: "JBT"
Sent: Tuesday, October 22, 2002 1:06 PM
Subject: Silverton

"Jim, as you asked, I found a Silverton, Washington State
photo . It's not in this album, but I've put a copy here anyway"

same url:
• Brother Jim found a map which includes Silverton, Scenic, and Wenatchee (upper left in sequence to lower right on map). All of these place were major stopping points on the tour of Truher family adventures from 1934 - 1941.

same url:
• Jack Looks up Google on "Big Four Inn" & "Washington" on google:

Mountain Loop Highway a golden gateway to hiking

same url:

Big Four Inn,
An Exclusive Hide-Away

Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest - Darrington Ranger District

First known as Trout's Marsh homestead, Big Four Mountain lured the industrious Rucker brothers to cash in on the exquisite scenery and construct an elaborate 50-room, three-story hotel in 1920. Tennis courts, a nine-hole golf course, and an artificial lake completed the grand scene for thousands of guests who arrived by railroad every summer. Today, only the chimney and sidewalks remain of the Inn, which burned to the ground in September 1949. However, the meadow, beaver ponds, and picnic area still attract thousands of recreationists who wish to enjoy the history and outstanding scenery that tempted the Rucker brothers many years ago.
• The Big Four Inn was home to the wandering Truher family at Silverton was on the lowlands below Mount Rainier. JWT2 adds that Big Four Inn was on a gentle downhill slope of Mount Rainer. The Inn burned down in 1946.

From: "James W. Truher"
Date: Tue, 22 Oct 2002 13:46:30 -0700

The Big Four Inn was on the road that went through Silverton. And Yea! That little rickety swaying wooden bridge across the river scared the hell out of me and made me afraid of high places until I was in my 40s!!!!

same URL

James W. Truher "Great stuff, pictures that I don't recall seeing
. I have visited Silverton in recent years to see if what I remember is accurate. The population is now 25 (I recall hearing from mom that is was 50+ when we were there) and I believe there is a photo somewhere that includes most of the women and children who lived there in the late 30’s. "
this addendum: January 23, 2004
• The property (originally 5 acres) actually begins on North side of 135th St. about 5 doors West of Military Road. JWT2 continues by email in 2001, there are 3 homes on the property along 135th with the 3rd one have been built between the original grandparents house and the house Dad built. On the rear (North) of the property there is now a grade school.

This paragraph is from an email exchange of JBT/JWT2 on July 4, 2001: "From about 1935-1940, August and Nellie lived at a 2 story property within steps of a tiny house my dad built on August's property including the tiny house at 3115 South 135 Street, Riverton Heights in 1937. August owned about 5 acres there, then only had his house and the little one my dad built for us. The little house was sold about 1945, and probably the larger house about the same time. This Riverton Heights location is now in the flight path, very near, and just north of the main Seattle-Tacoma Airport. The little house is still there, but it has been added-onto so it is more than twice the size my father built originally." JWT2 and JWT3 have seen within the last couple of years, the little house that he and I lived in in Riverton Heights. Additions have doubled its size.

JWT2 wrote me on Nov 25, 2001: "Dad hand dug a basement under his parents' house in return for the 1/4 acre on which he built our small house. The grand parents property was 5 acres surrounded by fields and trees."

I don't have records or knowledge of August and Nellie's residence after about 1945. Somewhere in Seattle until Nellie died; then August moved briefly to Altadena and then to Hawaii where he died with his oldest daughter.

• The Silverton web page welcome to tourists today warns:

Welcome to Silverton

"Founded in the 1890's as a mining town, Silverton is on a partially paved, partially unpaved backroad, that is not for the faint of heart or those afraid of heights as it has steep dropoffs, but for those willing to make the ride you will not be disappointed. This road goes right through the Boulder River Wilderness, you will find mostly homes in Silverton and a campground for the local schools."

Indeed Jack as a three year old can remember father JWT1 driving much too fast down steep hills on hairpin turns, with mother screaming in the front seat. Based on my limited experience, her screaming appeared to be not without merit. Life in the Truher family in those days was not always calm or reassuring.

Father JWT kept a striking photo of a rushing mountain river, which I think he identified as the Snohomish River. I may be remembering another native Indian name for the River. Dad very much enjoyed being in this rugged country, but he often cautioned, "you have to have something to do when you get there." Not being a fisherman, a hiker, or otherwise into diversionary relaxation, his enjoyment with mother in later trips north to his place of origin was limited mostly to frantic
touring by auto.
• virtual page Silverton
• HBT Photo Album PA03 Jim2-Jack 1930s-1950s (3 pic pages, no text)
• three pages here:

There's some more pages about Jack only, but not scanned yet here.

also at:

best I can do for the moment ; Mary Truher Albert is working on a hardcopy version.
• HBT Text Album HBTxt Jim2 1934- ...Txt in OCR prep
• says
Incorporated in 1862, a Mayor and six Council members govern the City of Walla Walla.”  says
“The name Wallula originates from a Walla Walla Indian word meaning "place of many waters."”  says
Our three bands were brought together on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, established by a Treaty with the US Government in 1855. We were united as a single tribal government in 1949 when our leaders adopted our Constitution and By-laws.
We currently have over 2,446 tribal members. We are a small group of people who continue to care for and live on the land of our ancestors. We are a small group of people who are doing great things for ourselves and our neighbors...
as you can see the Walla Walla river isn’t much of a river and apparently has been the subject of some disagreement among the folks living in WA and OR.

Primary Data Source: < >
Census 2000     < >Census Glossary
* Density per square mile of land area.
Wallula, Washington
Walla Walla County)

Land Area: 
0.10 miles2
Housing Units: 
Water Area: 
0.00 miles2
Census Data

Total Area: 
0.10 miles2
< >Census Data
Population Density: 
< >Census Data
Housing Density: 

Primary Data Source: < >Census 2000   < >Census Glossary
* Density per square mile of land area.
Walla Walla County, Washington (< >5 Subdivisions)
Land Area: 
1,270.51 miles2
Housing Units: 
Water Area: 
28.74 miles2
< >Census Data
Total Area: 
1,299.25 miles2
< >Census Data
Population Density: 
43.43 *

Housing Density: 
16.64 *
• HBT Photo Album PA10 Jim2 1934-1952 + 1970s Pac Bell
• album page HBT_PA10_03
• album page HBT_PA10_04
• album page HBT_PA10_05
• album page HBT_PA10_06
• album page HBT_PA10_07
• album page HBT_PA10_08
• album page HBT_PA10_09
• album page HBT_PA10_10
• album page HBT_PA10_11
• album page HBT_PA10_12
• album page HBT_PA10_13
• album page HBT_PA10_16
• album page HBT_PA10_19
• HBT Photo Album PA11 Jim2 1957-1985 La Canada family
• album page HBT_PA11_06
• album page HBT_PA11_07 c
• album page HBT_PA11_08ab
• album page HBT_PA11_08c
• album page HBT_PA11_10a
• album page HBT_PA11_10b
• album page HBT_PA11_25
• album page HBT_PA11_26
• album page HBT_PA11_27
• album page HBT_PA11_28
• album page HBT_PA11_29
• album page HBT_PA11_30
• album page HBT_PA11_31
• View this album's text and pictures together online by first setting up this text outline format web page window to fill the left third , or less, of your monitor viewing area. Leave it open. Click on any of the page links below, which should open a second web window for viewing the album pictures. Set this new window size to fill the right two thirds of your monitor viewing space. Navigate over this right window using the right and bottom border controls to find individual pictures on the page. When you select a new page link, you will replace the page in the right-window.
• HBT Photo Album PA12 Jim2 1949-1952 high school sports
• album page HBT_PA12_03
• album page HBT_PA12_06
• HBT_PA12_14c.jpg

From: "James Truher" < >
To: "'Jack Truher'" < >
Subject: Re: Blond Thunderbolt 220
Date: Fri, 18 May 2007 10:09:21 -0700

Here is my recollection of this stuff.

It was taken at Burbank High School during the Foothill League championship meet. Four different uniforms are shown in the picture
(see below). I thought it was a two day meet, with prelims on Thursday and Finals on Friday. But it looks like it was over a weekend, with Friday prelims & Monday finals. The date in the photo below appears to be Friday (4/25/52). The story, Tuesday the 29th refers to finals beingyesterday.

Two stories were published, one clipping shows no
date and the other on Tuesday, 4/29/52. It is possible that the news guys and editors were all screwed up and everything happened on Thursday and Friday, but probably not. The photo reports 23.2 for prelim & the write up 22.7 for final.  I remember the wind being about the same for both prelim and final, and one of the other kids in the final said to me just before it started something like, “with this wind, I guess we don’t have a chance.” Based times in other races for everybody, the wind probably made the straight-away 220 a full second slower than in calm conditions.

Under the picture are the words “League qualifying time”. So I’m sure it was taken during a 220 heat of which I believe there were two, and no one was running very fast, because of the wind. I remember feeling no pressure in most 220’s and doing an “over shoulder look around
with about 20 yds to go in a few of those races; that explains the relaxed posture while finishing a sprint. Al “Weary” Walton (Muir track coach) chewed me out for doing that several times and told me it, if I kept it up, I’d lose to somebody I should beat. He was right.

The two news reports differ (3 yds vs 5 yds) re the distance between 1st and 2nd
.  I think the camera greatly distorted the distance; I believe the distance between 1st and 2nd in the photo was really 5 to 8 yards at the most, and it wasn’t much different in the finals. Also two or three of the other guys in the photo were in the finals.  See:
• HBT_PA12_16Tbolt.jpg

From: "James Truher" < >
To: "'Jack Truher'" < >
Subject: Re: Blond Thunderbolt 220
Date: Fri, 18 May 2007 10:09:21 -0700

Here is my recollection of this stuff.

It was taken at Burbank High School during the Foothill League championship meet. Four different uniforms are shown in the picture
(see below). I thought it was a two day meet, with prelims on Thursday and Finals on Friday. But it looks like it was over a weekend, with Friday prelims & Monday finals. The date in the photo below appears to be Friday (4/25/52). The story, Tuesday the 29th refers to finals beingyesterday.

Two stories were published, one clipping shows no
date and the other on Tuesday, 4/29/52. It is possible that the news guys and editors were all screwed up and everything happened on Thursday and Friday, but probably not. The photo reports 23.2 for prelim & the write up 22.7 for final.  I remember the wind being about the same for both prelim and final, and one of the other kids in the final said to me just before it started something like, “with this wind, I guess we don’t have a chance.” Based times in other races for everybody, the wind probably made the straight-away 220 a full second slower than in calm conditions.

Under the picture are the words “League qualifying time”. So I’m sure it was taken during a 220 heat of which I believe there were two, and no one was running very fast, because of the wind. I remember feeling no pressure in most 220’s and doing an “over shoulder look around
with about 20 yds to go in a few of those races; that explains the relaxed posture while finishing a sprint. Al “Weary” Walton (Muir track coach) chewed me out for doing that several times and told me it, if I kept it up, I’d lose to somebody I should beat. He was right.

The two news reports differ (3 yds vs 5 yds) re the distance between 1st and 2nd
.  I think the camera greatly distorted the distance; I believe the distance between 1st and 2nd in the photo was really 5 to 8 yards at the most, and it wasn’t much different in the finals. Also two or three of the other guys in the photo were in the finals.  See:
• HBT Photo Album PA13 √ Jim2 1953-1957 college sports
• album page HBT_PA13_02
• album page HBT_PA13_03
• album page HBT_PA13_04
• album page HBT_PA13_05
• album page HBT_PA13_06
• album page HBT_PA13_07
• "Early Years with my 3 sons" by HBT
• A web page gathers a history of Helen Burke Truher with her young family

    "Early Years with my 3 sons"
       written by Helen Burke Truher

      now gathered 3 decades later
      Fri, 18 May 2010
      Jack Truher < >

The linked URL below may be accessed separately, on the web. I have appended it in this page as well.

    "Early Years with my 3 sons"
       written by Helen Burke Truher

      now gathered 3 decades later
      Fri, 18 May 2010
      Jack Truher < >

This file is also at
About 1980, my mother wrote a reliable history for her eldest son, Jim Jr., of their shared early years in Washington and Oregon. Then Helen was a struggling young mother in the sometimes wild forests of the Northwest, 1934-1941. With her husband Jim, and sons Jimmie and Jack, the family migrated often to construction camps or nearby apartments, where her husband, Jim, worked as a highway contractor's superintendent and business accountant.

Shorter chapters capture her recollections of her later, more traditionally residential era in Altadena. These latter two chapters recall events similarly for her sons, Jack and Michael.

Note: The five pictures on this web page are a random collection
which Helen Burke Truher had gathered together as representative
of her family life with three sons in Altadena.

You can download a larger text image file: 30 MB, 73 pages - in three parts - memories of years with her sons by Helen Burke Truher, written about 1980. It has a weakly printed pages.

This text should download as a single 30 MB PDF file to your desktop from the link just below.
Contents: HBT recollection on years shared with each of three sons
pg 01-50 w JWT2
pg 51-63 w JBT
pg 64-73 w MBT
I can make reading the first 9 of those 73 pages a little easier, as I had earlier converted those typed pages to digital format with some Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. I ultimately found that completing the OCR task was too time consuming among priorities.
Here below are the OSC converted 9 pages are available on the web:

My mother's story gains context from album pictures she had gathered, and which I had digitized for web display in various ways.

For example, here are the family album pictures from the Seattle years (album PA1) in a separate web page:

and the relevant pictures from two other of mother's albums from the same era:


I have recently reestablished my more comprehensive genealogy web site, which includes the Burke and Ford lines.

The URL above has all the same pictures and text for mother's photo album, but you might prefer the format from the URL below.


I found Helen's typically thoughtful response from mother to her grown son, Jack in 1972:

email Jack

• text modifications in progress
• Date: Thu, 03 Feb 2005 20:57:06 -0800
From: "James W. Truher (ATT)" < >
Subject: RE: Sauvies Island
To: Jack Truher < >

-----Original Message-----
From: Jack Truher [ ]
Sent: Thursday, February 03, 2005 10:09 AM
Subject: Sauvies Island

With regard to

concerning picture E.

E. Dad with Jack and brother Jim. Here dad looks unhappy, even angry. Late 1942. For mother to include these unhappy expressions (see also picture B on this page) is almost certainly deliberate. Marriage is a terrible thing.

Do you think this picture is of the "150 yard, 3 car ferry ride" or a different ferry?

As to Sauvies Island, I must presume that dad had a job working there while we lived there, or was that simply the parents' chosen place to live.

on today's < >TBF web page,


for < >album page 5


This station is probably earliest, perhaps 1910.


Photos of Kathryn Burke on trip to Scenic, 1938

The Scenic mountain low-cost housing scene with Kathryn Burke holding Jack as sleepy baby is from 1938.
Scenic, Wash, 1938, Jack Truher's grandmother, Catherine Murphy Burke, with grandchildren Jimmie and baby Jack


Kathryn Burke with boys, Jim and Jack Truher, 1943


Historical text about Kathryn Murphy Burke,


Descendants of James and Kathryn Burke


Genealogy as from Helen Burke Truher, 1965.

• August-Nellie
• August and Nellie Truher were married, here (interior of this Catholic Church , where was such an enormous investment when built. That implies a lot about ideology and social style. It is interesting for the very spare, undecorated, non-commucative, top-down learning style - perhaps more about Minnesota than about Catholic

Here is an interior photo taken by Ron Haack in the 1980-90 era..
ame URL:

My sense:

The style is responsive to subdued communications of the region. The lighting of the sacristy is subdued as well; windows are very high. I would imagine the side walls are lined with stained glass windows, but still dark.

What is achieved is "rest", contemplative withdrawal. This is no center for dancing, dialogue, debate, or waving of arms and legs. Not much participation is implied. More about sitting still and don't get crazy. Listen to what the clergy says.

The big Catholic Churches I knew in the 1950s, built in the 1930s, in Southern California were covered with art-work. Little of the fleshy Italian, but lots of complicated colorful art.

Churches built after WWII were plainer, of less European influence, but brightly illuminated. More connection to the natural environment would be nice, but not too much.
• more detail on Truher family history
• Florentine Lietzau-Truher Genealogy Report (85 pages)
• Florentine Genealogy Report (85 pages) as of 2002m1001 by R.Haack
• Florentine Truher-Lietzau family origins, out of Europe
• But where did they come from? Start at Berent (Gr) = Koscierzyna (Polish)

I have found a way that I think is just as good, and it can be done at your local LDS genealogical center.  Recall I have told you about a likely place of origin for Truher and Lietzau surnames: in German Berent, otherwise known as Koscierzyna in Poland, about 50 kM southeast of Danzig.

Recall some confirmation in our investigation with the Kashubians of Milwaukee recent.

The German Church records are available with the LDS libraries everywhere on microfilm from Koscierzyna.

Follow the wikipedia link above  to find these records.  The first is Catholic, not likely Gottlieb's people. 

Kirchenbuch, 1642-1906
Katholische Kirche Berent (KrSt. Berent) (Main Author)
Mikrofilme aufgenommen von Manuskripten in Berlin-Dahlem, im Katholischen Kirchenbuchamt München und im Geheimen Staatsarchiv Berlin-Dahlem.

Parish register of baptisms, marriages and deaths for Berent (AG. Berent), Westpreußen, Preußen, Germany, now Kóscierzyna (Kościer zyna), Gdańsk, Poland.

Germany, Preußen, Westpreußen, Berent - Church records
Poland, Gdańsk, Kościerzyna (Kościerzyna) - Church records
Manuscript (On Film)
Salt Lake City, Utah : Gefilmt durch The Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950, 1965, 1974
Berlin-Dahlem : Geheimes Staatsarchiv
auf 13 Mikrofilmrollen ; 35 mm.

the German link for Berent: then is:

Topic Details
Germany, Preußen, Westpreußen, Berent - Church records

Title search results

Kirchenbuch, 1642-1906  Katholische Kirche Berent (KrSt. Berent)
Kirchenbuch, 1781-1944  Evangelische Kirche Berent (KrSt. Berent)
2 matching titles.
There must be people who would chase that down.  I'm in no condition to get involved, certainly not in the near term.
recall I did some research on Koscierzyna recently,
also now at

and something on the Kashubians, in our email exchanges about Jakob, Gottlieb
at their intersecting the Kashubians on Jones Island at the Terminus of rivers in Milwaukee.

We have been calling them Kaszubians, probably the Americanization.
• Gottlieb & Karoline Truher immigrants arrive in New York, July 8, 1870
• 1-Gottlieb & Karoline Truher immigrants arrive in New York, July 8, 1870

Bogenschneider family web site tells story of Gottlieb's family journey on the Western Metropolis


Gottlieb & Karoline Truher arrive New York July 8, 1870
Sat, 04 Sep 2010 08:36:10 -0700
Jack Truher

We have long known that the Truher family arrived in New York from Germany on July 8, 1870, and place.

We have known about the good ship, Western Metropolis, on which they traveled and some detail of the events, but the graphics was poor. I've got some better imagery,
here than I recall seeing in our earlier research.


one of the Western Metropolis itself, and an artistic view of the San Salvadore( above)

I found a picture of a sister ship the San Salvadore, at least in appearance (above) and Technology.

Tonight, I'll send you
a web page, with the imagery and a couple of the other documents, with highlighted text that fixes the dates of things.

One of those other documents is also available on the web, as by the
Bogenschneider Family , which happened to include their arrival on the same ship and date, with more detail. (Look for the highlighted text) We've had this for a long time, but the images make a difference to me tonight. . is same link as above

The image below is the W.M. as a Paddle Wheel, before it's
Sails were added for the Atlantic
passenger trade, at which time it looked more like the San Salvadore at top of this message:


• 2-Gottlieb & Karoline Truher immigrants arrive in New York, July 8, 1870 - printing the links and text this time.
Here is the composition of a collection of Gottlieb's Truher's life, in some part, though, more is known.

is a web page which has pictures, most collected as follows:

Record by Ron Haack w consult Jack, dated Feb 2001:
The early records of St. Lucas Lutheran Church in Bay View, Wisconsin (era about 1875) show Gottlieb Truher's last name spelled "Truhr, no "e"". Caroline Truher's maiden name is spelled "Pein', several places.
Time line For Gottlieb & Caroline Truher:
November 21, 1832: Born, Danzig, Prussia (now Gdansk, Poland.
1859: Married, Danzig, Prussia.
July 08, 1870: Immigrated to USA via NYC, with August as infant (? - actually born in 1866 in Prussia). Caroline was pregnant with Charles Edward.
(From Filbey's "Germans to America", Volume 224, 1870:
From Germany to USA, Gottlieb Trur, age 38, Male, Farmer, Caroline Trur, age 32, Female, August Trur, age .11(eleven months, actually born in Prussia in 1866). Ship: Western Metropolis, from Swinemunde, Kiel and Christiansand to New York, arrived 08 July, 1870
From Jack Truher, Feb, 2000: "Now this begins to make sense. Of the three cities you list, two have somewhat different name adaptations. But this definitely begins to support the greater Berlin residency of the Trur family.
We can assume that the Filbey's entry probably means that the ship, Western Metropolis, began it's Western trip from Danzig. But it picked up the Trur family in Swineoujcscie (current Polish name for Swinemunde). Swineoujcscie is a shipping port, on the Baltic coast just at the border between Germany and modern Poland, about 50 miles north of Berlin. Then the ship traveled West to pick up additional passengers at Kiel, a major German port city on the Kiel Bay. In order to get out the Baltic Sea into the Atlantic, the ship must then travel North and then West. On the Southeast coast of Norway, the ship would have conveniently passed Kristiansand, another port where passengers boarded. Then on to New York.
The Danzig connection is: the ship's log would show that its journey began there. That association could be preserved in association with all passengers of that ship. I forget now how many sources have told us that Danzig was the Truher emigration point. I think there were other independent references of Danzig, but I can't name any of them, except the report I got from a German.")
August 11, 1870: Charles Edward was born in Wisconsin, probably Bay View. No Baptism record available as of 1999. Date verified per Confirmation Record at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Acoma Township, McLeod County Minnesota.
August 1872: Brother Jakob emigrates from Danzig, Prussia via Baltimore,Maryland and arrives in Bay View, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin sometime later to join Gottlieb.
Note: A picture was discovered in January of 2001 of the brothers Jakob and Gottlieb. The date is unknown, and could have been in the early 1870's in America, or in Germany before they emigrated.
January 22, 1873: Matheldie Helene (Aunt Till) born, Bay View, Wisconsin.
July 7, 1874: Herman Adolph and Julius Albert born, Bay View, Wisconsin.
July 21, 1874: Herman Adolph and Julius Albert die, Bay View, Wisconsin.
November 29, 1875: Gottlieb buys house on 156 Lenox Avenue, Bay View, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin (now 2370 and 2372 Lenox Avenue, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, 2 houses).
January 14, 1876: Auguste (Gussie) Amelia born, Bay View, Wisconsin.
June 1876: Gottlieb's last recorded communion at St. Lucas Church, Bay View, Wisconsin.
Mid 1876 - Mid 1885: Reconstruction, best guess: Gottlieb and Caroline and family went to Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota sometime after mid 1876. Note: Caroline Lietzau married Gustave Pinske on June 11, 1876 in McLeod County Minnesota. On January 7, 1879, Caroline Pein Truher was a Godparent to their son Theodore Hermann at his baptism in Immanuel Lutheran Church, Acoma Township, McLeod County Minnesota.
The Truher family eventually migrated to Fossum Township, Polk County, Minnesota by 1880 (Federal Census) where they were shown as living either next door or on the same farm as Gustave and Caroline Pinske. The four children were also there, but Mother Florentine was NOT listed. (This part of Polk County became part of the new Norman County in 1881. Fossum Township is on the eastern border of Norman County, with Wild Rice Township adjacent and to the West).
Between 1880 and 1885, the family moved to Wild Rice Township, Norman County, Minnesota, where they staked and worked their farm. The 1885 special Minnesota State Census shows them in Wild Rice Township, Norman County, Minnesota, again either with the Gustave and Caroline Pinske family, or next door to it (see "Ron Haack", below). Just a short distance away was the Ernest and Johanna Pinske family farm. Again, the four Truher children (August, Charles, Matilde and Augusta are listed, but now Gottlieb's mother Florentine Truher is listed, age 79 and born in Germany.
June 4, 1885: Gottlieb and Caroline Truher sold his house at 156 Lenox Avenue, Bay View, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin to brother Jakob Truher for $700. Gottlieb and Caroline are listed as from the town of Wild Rice, Norman County, and Minnesota.
December 24, 1885: United States grants Gottlieb and Caroline their land in Norman County, Minnesota.
June 4, 1886: Gottlieb and Caroline get mortgage on above land from Hiram Upton.
1886: Some major catastrophic event descends upon the Truher family. See the notes on son August Louis Truher where he tells a story of death (?) and his mother Caroline coming down with typhoic fever, rendering her helpless and August forced to learn to cook, etc. Whatever the event, it caused the next several steps in the eventual migration of the Truher's to Minneapolis.
Note: In August of 2000, a Hennepin County Minnesota Probate Court document from the year 1900 was discovered which tells of the committment of Gottlieb to the State Hospital for the Insane at St. Peter, Minnesota. Details below;however, it speaks of a lawsuit "with his brother" about the 1885 time period. Gottlieb never recovered from that episode. At this writing, there are no details about this lawsuit.
September, 27,1886: Gottlieb and Caroline buy 525 Franklin, Hutchinson, and McLeod County, Minnesota. They are listed as from Hennepin County, Minnesota.
December 18, 1886: Gottlieb and Caroline assign land in Norman County, Minnesota to Phelps and Calkins, attorneys for Mr. Upton.
April 17, 1887: Son Charles Edward Truher confirmed at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Acoma Township, McLeod County Minnesota.
October 1888: Daughter Mathilda Truher confirmed at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Acoma Township, McLeod County Minnesota.
April 5, 1891: Daughter Auguste Amalie confirmed at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Acoma Township, McLeod County Minnesota.
April 11, 1891: Norman County, Minnesota sheriff forecloses Gottlieb and Caroline's Norman County land. They still owe $855.35 and they missed a $48 interest payment.
1891/1892: The Minneapolis City Directory lists August Truer, brakeman, as living at 313 10th Avenue North. No mention of the rest of the family.
1892/1893: The Minneapolis City Directory lists at 2932 18th Avenue South: August L. Truer, brakeman, Charles E., brakeman, Gottlieb, Susan (? -Augusta??), folder, Mpls Envelope Co., and Tillie, folder, Mpls. Envelope Co. The family had moved to Minneapolis. Minors and non-working women were not listed in city directories, thus the absence of Caroline.
Note: There is confusion about two addresses, 2930 and 2932 18th Avenue South. 2932 18th Avenue South MAY have become 2930 18th Avenue South by 1900. A Sanborn fire map of 1906 shows the house as 2932, THREE lots north of the east-west alley, just where 2930 stands today. Another possibility is that 2930 and 2932 are really the same house, just downstairs and upstairs. After 1900, 2932 is never mentioned again.
1893/1894: The Minneapolis City Directory now shows at 2932 18th Avenue South: August Truher, conductor, Charles E., brakeman and Gottlieb, but not the women.
November 7, 1894: Gottlieb and Caroline sell 525 Franklin, Hutchinson, and McLeod County, Minnesota.
1894/1895: The Minneapolis City Directory now shows at 2932 18th Avenue South: August Truher, Augusta, seamstress, Charles, brakeman, Gottlieb and Matilda, sewer.
June 1895: The special 1895 Minnesota State Census shows the following: At 2932 18th Avenue South (first floor assumed): Gottlieb Truher, age 65, Caroline, age 56, August, age 28, brakeman, Charles, age 24, brakeman and Gussie, age 19, seamstress.
At 2932 (2nd floor): William F. Frank, age 24, born in New York, Electrician and Matilda Frank, age 22 (Tillie Truher got married)!
At 2930 18th Avenue South (one house north of 2932, no longer there, or see Note above): Albert Frank, age 25, born in Minnesota, Expressman, Ida, age 28, born in Illinois and Sydney Frank, age 2, born in Minnesota (wife and son). It is assumed that Albert was William Franks's brother - verification is needed.
June 16, 1896: Auguste Amelia Truher (daughter) marries William Carl Haack in Minneapolis, Hennepin County, and Minnesota. They will live at 3036 Snelling Avenue South, Minneapolis, the home of Louis and Amelia Zadach (brother-in-law and sister of William). Louis' father Friederick Wilhelm Gotthilf Zadach and step-mother Florentine (Florence) lived next door at 3032 Snelling Avenue South, Minneapolis.
November 4, 1896: Son August L. Truher buys 2930 18th Avenue South (old 2932, see above), Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota for $2100 cash plus an assumed mortgage of $1500. (Note: same house only sold for about twice that amount in 1954). This was a 2 family duplex.
January 1, 1898: Grandson Herbert William Haack is born at 3036 Snelling Avenue South, Minneapolis.
November 27, 1899: Granddaughter Delilah Henrietta Haack is born at 3036 Snelling Avenue South, Minneapolis.
May 17, 1900: William Carl and Auguste Amelia Haack and their children Herbert William and Delilah Henrietta move into one part of the duplex at 2930 18th Avenue South, Minneapolis.
June 6, 1900: The 1900 Federal Census lists at 2930 18th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota: William C.Haack, born Nov 1873, cooper, Augusta A. Haack, born Jan, 1875, wife, Herbert, son, born Jan 1898, Delilah Haack, daughter, born Nov. 1899, Gottlieb Truher, born Nov 1831, married 36 years, immigrated 1871, 29 years in USA, not naturalized, retired, Caroline Truher (wife), born Aug 1837, mother of 9 children, 4 still living, August Truher, born Aug 1866 in Germany, not naturalized, railroad conductor. No Charles Edward! Also, William and Matilda Truher Frank had moved.
Note: A picture was discovered in January of 2001 of Gottlieb and Caroline Truher with their daughter Augusta Truher Haack and their granddaughter Delilah H. Haack. It is believed that the photo was made sometime in the Summer of 1900, probably at 2930 18th Avenue South, Minneapolis.
November 27, 1900: There is a committment hearing in Minneapolis, and Gottlieb Truher is committed to the Minnesota State Hospital for the Insane at St. Peter. From the Certificate of Jury:
Gottlieb was not a member of a Church.
When were the first symptoms of this attack manifested, and in what way? Answer: Spring of 1886 after a law suit with brother, study and unusual interpretation of the Bible, excitable, etc.
Is the disease variable, ....? Answer: Yes. Variable in his moods and for a day or two seems rational. The predominant ideas recur at short intervals. On what subject, or in what way is derangement now manifested? (State fully): Answer: Religiosity. Claims infidelity of wife and children. Outbursts of rage and temper towards family quotes Bible as his authority. The Bible tells him that he is to kill his wife and that the time is (to be ?) appointed.
Has the patient sown any disposition to injure others? Answer: Except (?) by frequent threats and claims that the time is coming when all should die.
What is supposed to be the cause of the disease? Answer: Worry over lawsuits in 1886.
The patient said (here state what the patient said to either or both examiners): Talked of his suspicions regarding his wife and family and his religious impressions(?). Excitable, talks loudly and boistrously.
Other facts: Suspicious of neighbors and threats of (?) violence. Is at times vulgar. Has frequently struck(?) his wife (?) insulted her.
Gottlieb was admitted to the State Hospital on November 27, 1900 and was discharged on July 29, 1901. There is no further mention of his mental problems, and no family stories about this episode.
March 10, 1902: August L. Truher (single) sells 2930 18th Avenue South, Minneapolis, to William Carl Haack (and wife Gussie, August's sister) for $1500 plus a mortgage assumption.
April 15, 1902: August converts to Roman Catholicism, changes his first name to Augustus and marries Helen Mary Nellie Barrett in the Church of St. Augustine, Austin, Mower County, Minnesota. He moves to Austin. It can only be imagined the profound affect on Caroline Pein Truher, his mother, who was a staunch Prussian Lutheran and sent August to only the best of Lutheran schools.
June 13, 1902: Grandson Harold Carl Haack is born at 2930 18th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
December 5, 1904: Gottlieb dies in Minneapolis and was buried in Pioneer Cemetery, Cedar Avenue and Lake Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was exhumed in 1919 and re- buried in the new Haack/Truher plot in Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (The Milwaukee Railroad appropriated part of Pioneer Cemetery in 1919).
July 24, 1912: Grandson Harold Carl Haack killed by streetcar on Lake Street in Minneapolis, Minnesota and was buried in Pioneer Cemetery, Cedar Avenue and Lake Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was exhumed in 1919 and re-buried along with Gottlieb Truher in the new Haack/Truher plot in Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
December 12, 1928: Caroline dies at 2921 18th Avenue South, the home of her daughter Matilda Truher Frank and her husband William L. (across the street and a few doors north of Gussie Truher Haack's home where Caroline had lived for many years). She is buried next to Gottlieb and Grandson Harold Carl Haack in Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis.
Ron Haack: On Wednesday afternoon, August 18, 1999, I met Ramona Weaver as she pulled into the Kraft Farm in Wild Rice Township, Norman County, and Minnesota. This is former farm of Gottlieb Truher in the 1880's. Ramona is the daughter of Mrs. Kraft, who died last year. We talked for over an hour. She showed me the Norman County History book with articles on the Pinske family (Ferdinand, Ernest, etc.). The front half of the current house may be original to the Truher era (no proof). I took three photos, two of the house and outbuildings, and one of Ramona. The current address of the farm is Ramona Weaver, 2162 390th Street, Gary, MN 56545.
Ramona showed me the burial site just South and adjacent of the Kraft-Truher farm, on the current Pinske farm, with a monument to Ernest Pinske and historical markers. Because of poor lighting conditions, I returned the next day and took some photos. Ramona gave me a name of Ervine Pinske, man with one arm, living just north of Trinity Lutheran Church in Twin Valley. I failed to connect with Ervine.
There is a little Lutheran Church on Minnesota 200, about one mile East of the Truher homestead; however, Ramona said it started in 1919 and then folded. Records were transferred to Bethlehem Lutheran Church, Manhomen, Minnesota.
The Norman County Recorder's office in Ada stated that Norman County split from Polk County in 1881, which explains the census of 1880 and 1885 differences. There is no record of land purchased by Gottlieb Truher in the Polk County Recorder Office in Crookston, Minnesota. It looks like he staked out the land, homesteaded it and got his land grant later.
When comparing the current Wild Rice and Fossum Township maps side by side, the current Truher farm (the Kraft farm) is in the northeast corner of Wild Rice Township, second section in from the East. Wild Rice Township's northern border is Minnesota Highway 200. The north-south frontal road past the Truher-Kraft farm is Norman County 41 (two miles West of the Wild Rice - Fossum townships border. On Minnesota 200, about four miles East of the Truher-Kraft farm and in Fossum Township lies another Pinske farm. It just may be that the 1880 Federal Census showing the Truher and Pinske clans in Fossum Township, Polk County, is no fluke!
• 4-...August Truher's recitation of the political environment which triggered their emigration

Bogenschneider's web page text is here as found in link leading the story. The circumstance and travels of August Bogenschneider and August Truher, are so closely linked that this could also be August Truher's recitation of the political environment which triggered their emigration aboard the same ship, Western Metropolis and on the same date, leaving from the same port, etc. Indeed we find in this text: "
August and his family left Prussia and arrived in America on July 8, 1870, one week before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War on July 15." note by Jack Truher 2010-10-24.


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The Life and Times of August Bogenschneider (1837-1919)
According to family history, August left Pommern in 1870 because of the imminent Franco-Prussian War and because of other 19th century developments in Pomerania.

Pomerania in the 19th Century: During the Thirty Years' War (1648), more of the Pomeranian land fell into the hands of the upper class, and their control was solidified. The tenants were given housing, some garden space, and payment in kind. There were restrictions on emigration, and the tenants were serfs. They were required to work on the estates three to four days a week. The political rights of the landowners, later called Junkers, allowed exploitation of the peasants.

Agrarian reforms of the 1808-16 changed life on the landed estates. Peasants could now marry without the permission of the landowner. Peasants could move to another Junker estate or work in town as day workers. However, life was no better than before. The estate owner no longer had to care for his tenants and could evict them. If the farm worker moved to town, the pay for his labor was small. The peasant could own land but only for as long as he lived. Then it would revert to the state. There were few landowners who treated their tenants with respect, but there was mostly a tendency for the German upper class to be authoritarian and regard the peasants as their personal property.

In 1817 a consolidation of the Lutheran churches to a State church began. By 1837 Friedrich Wilhelm III had combined the Lutheran and Calvinist churches. Many of the Old Lutherans of Pomerania objected and emigrated to America and other countries in the years of 1837, 1839, and 1843. (From "The History of Pomerania," edited by Carol Gohsman Bowen ( )

There were many disasters in the 19th century in Pommerania. The great estates of Pomerania always produced an abundance of grain, especially rye. In the 1830s, England exacted a high tariff on this grain; the price of grain fell, and this hurt the estates and therefore the workers on the estates. There was a potato blight in the 1840s. The sandy soil of Pomerania was good for growing potatoes, and they were the main staple of the Pomeranian table. Many poor people went hungry. There were disastrous weather conditions in the years from 1853 until 1856. There was also rapid industrialization from 1850 until 1857 and many workers left the farms and the price of land fell.

Many Pomeranians emigrated to the United States in the second half of the 19th century. This peaked around 1880. Most of these Pomeranians were Lutherans who lived in the Midwest. The largest percentage went to Wisconsin. (This history was compiled from the writings of LeRoy Boehlke, President of Pommerscher Verein Freistadt, from the writings of Myron Gruenwald, who has written several books on Pommerania.)

August Bogenschneider and His Family. August served in the Prussian army, and related stories to his family of all the dead bodies he saw while driving an ammunition cart and horse through a battlefield. He was horrified by the death and destruction. His war experience was possibly in the 1863 Prussian War against Denmark, which won Prussia control of the states of Schleswig and Holstein, but he most likely served in the 1866 War with Austria ("Austro-Prussian War" or "The 7 Weeks War"). The Austro-Prussian War was between Prussia, allied with Italy, against Austria and her allies Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, Hanover, Baden, and several smaller German states. It was a war deliberately provoked by Otto von Bismarck, the Chancellor, over the objection of King William, in order to expel Austria from the German Confederation as a step toward the unification of Germany under Prussian dominance. The primary and final battle of this war was the Battle of Sadowa, named after the nearby village of Sadowa in the Czech Republic. After the early part of the campaign, the Austrian army had retired behind the River Elbe. The Prussian 1st and and Elbe Armies attacked the Austrians at the bridge of Sadowa early in the morning. They were able to drive the Austrians back for a short distance but the Austrian artillery fire prevented any further progress. The arrival of the Prussian 2nd Army in the late morning threatened the Austrian right flank. To meet this threat, the Austrians pulled their right wing back so that it faced north, but a bold advance by the Prussians, taking advantage of the cover provided by high corn and the smoke of the Austrian artillery fire, led to their infantry being able to get close to the Austrian lines and then charge home, breaking the line and capturing over 50 guns. The Austrians began to pull back and finally retreated from the field, leaving 40,000 dead and wounded. Prussian losses were about 10,000. This may well have been the battle scene that so horrified August.

August and his family left Prussia and arrived in America on July 8, 1870, one week before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War on July 15. It is unclear whether August had fulfilled his military obligations or left in order to avoid serving in the Franco-Prussian War. To legally emigrate from Prussia in the 1870s, one would have had to secure a release from citizenship and a release from military service. If August emigrated to avoid additional military service, he would have had to ignore these legal requirements. This was not that uncommon. Avoidance of the draft and serving in the Prussian Army during the Franco-Prussian War was a reason that many people left Pomerania. In fact, many historians rank the avoidance of the draft more significant than those who left Pommern for religious reasons.

Between 1807 and 1813 Prussia had developed a conscript system that became the model for the nations of Europe. The Prussians bypassed Napoleon's imposition of limitations on the size of their army by calling up the permitted number of men (42,000), training them rigorously for a few months, and then releasing the majority and calling up a new complement. They were thus able to build up a powerful reserve of trained men without openly defying Napoleon. After the Napoleonic era Prussia continued to employ this system, so that by the time of the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) it had a mass army of conscripts reinforced with large reserve units, in contrast to France's smaller standing professional army. When Bismarck was installed as Chancellor in 1861, his first act was to over rule a parliament that wanted to reduce military service obligations from three to two years and he pushed through numerous army reforms. Bismarck said, "The great questions of the day will not be decided by speeches and resolutions of majorities, but by blood and iron." To maintain its large army, conscription was enforced and 63,000 men were conscripted each to serve 3 years on active duty and 4 more years in active reserve.

It was also a time of considerable political, social and economic unrest and a time of inevitable wars. The desire to avoid further serving in the army and again experiencing the horrors of death he had witnessed, and a desire to seek a better economic opportunity and life for his family in America, led August Bogenschneider in 1870 to make his decision to emigrate with his family to America. It was not an easy decision for him, because there was always the psychological stigma of being a deserter. Conservatism and loyalty were strong Pomeranian/Prussian characteristics. But August thought of his pregnant young wife, Wilhelmina, his four year-old son, Karl, and his six-month-old baby Hattie, and concluded that their life and future would be much better in America.

It is believed that August was from the town of Luckow, Kreis (County) Randow, Regierungsbezirk (district) of Stettin, Province of Pommern, Country of Prussia. Today the town is known as
Luckow-Petershagen , Kreis Uckermark, Brandenberg, Germany. August and his family made their way to Swinemünde, a Pomeranian port on the Baltic Sea. The family may have gone up the River Oder and then across the Great Haff, but most probably went by train from Luckow to Stettin and then Swinemünde. Because of an epidemic of typhoid fever on the Hamburg emigrant ship "Leibniz" during the winter crossing of 1867-1868 that caused the deaths of 108 out of 544 passengers, August, his family, and all the other emigrants were required to undergo a medical examination before embarking.

The August Bogenschneider family emigrated on the steamship Western Metropolis, Henry S. Quick, Master, and chartered to the Ruger Brothers' North American Lloyd Line. On May 18, 1870, Quick sailed from New York for Havre-Bremen-Copenhagen-Swinemünde-Kiel-Christiansand. As with many of the immigrant ships, the ship probably carried a cargo from the U.S. to Europe. The ship had a poor mechanical history and ownership had often changed hands. It had been used in the Civil War to ferry both cargo, war supplies and wounded soldiers. It definitely was not a luxury liner.

The Bogenschneiders boarded the ship in Swinemünde, with intermediate stops at Kiel, Germany, and Christiansand, Sweden. The ship returned by the northern route, arriving in New York, July 8, 1870, with 954 passengers. An estimated 75 percent of the passengers were German, 15 percent Swedish, and 10 percent Norwegian. From the Shetlands to Newfoundland the weather had been cold and foggy: 3 infants among the passengers died, as did one sailor, of pneumonia. It is believed that Wilhelmine had a miscarriage on the voyage. The normal amount of time during this period to cross the Atlantic from Germany to the U.S. was about 17 days, much better than the five or six weeks it had taken earlier in the century.

From the ship, the family went straight to Castle Garden Immigrant Landing Depot on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, New York. This depot was originally a fort, then a place of entertainment, and then was converted into an immigrant landing depot through which all steerage passengers had to pass. It served this purpose until 1892 when arrivals were moved to Ellis Island. At Castle Garden the family registered, received information, changed money, and washed and ate. August was listed as a "miller baker" in the immigration records. He may have worked in the mill in Luckow that is a tourist attraction today
(Die Luckower Bockwindmühle ). The mill in Luckow was first built around 1824 on Tuleier mountain. In 1853 the mill was remodeled and doubled in size. The Boehlke family acquired the mill in 1856 from a farmer's cooperative. It remained active as a mill until 1961 when plans were made to convert it to a youth center. These plans fell through. By 26 June 1989 Heinz Boehlke was the last owner from Luckow. The mill was sold to municipal authorities from Berlin for 18,000,00 East German Marks. It was developed as an historical mill. In 1992, the municipality of Luckow-Petershagen wanted to dismantle the mill, but was stopped from doing so. Since 01 June 1998 the mill is open again for visitors as a tourist attraction. (It was also in Luckow where August and Wilhelmine were married. A member of the Böhlke family sent a picture of the church to Helen Bogenschneider Moldenhauer in the early 50's. For information on the history of the church, see Die Kirche in Luckow .

Although records seem to indicate that August was a miller, according to family oral history he was a teacher.

Little Karl was amazed by the first black man he ever saw in his life in New York City. The family had the option to see a doctor and to get tickets for their further journey. The family had to be careful of the "friends from the old country," the "confidence men," and other swindlers outside the depot who preyed upon the immigrants.

At this time, the exact route the family took from New York to Wisconsin is not known, but the normal route until the mid 1860s was for Pomeranian immigrants to take a steamship up to Albany, New York, then a train to Buffalo, and then a steamship to Milwaukee in Wisconsin. By the mid 1860s the train from New York through Chicago and then to Milwaukee had become the standard way to travel. Milwaukee had an immigrant aid society to help arriving immigrants. The Pomeranian community in Freistadt north of Milwaukee may have helped August find a farm near Kohlsville, Wisconsin, where he first settled with his family.

The original farm was in Washington County, Wisconsin in the Town of Wayne, near Kohlsville, Wisconsin. August and his family moved from there to the Town of Theresa in Dodge County, Wisconsin between 1876 and 1880.

The 1890 Dodge County Plat Book shows that August owned 40 acres in Section 36, Township Theresa (near Nenno and the intersection of Highway 175 (former Highway 41), Hochheim and West Bend Roads). It is believed that the buildings were demolished when Highway 175 was widened and paved.

The 1910 Dodge County Plat Book shows that August had a residence in Marshville Post Office (Theresa Station) next to the William Dobberpuhl farm. This is where he lived in his retirement years.

1880 census: Married, Male, White, Age 42, Birthplace - Prussia; Occupation - Farmer, Father's Birthplace - Prussia, Mother's Birthplace - Prussia. Census Place - Theresa, Dodge, Wisconsin. Family History Library Film - 1255423, NA Film Number T9-1423. Page Number 415B

1910 U.S. Census: Bogenschneider, Aug, Wisconsin, Dodge, Theresa, Age 72, Male, Race: White, Series: T624 Roll: 1706 Page: 301


Notes on the history of the steamship, Western Metropolis, that August Bogenschneider and his family took to the U.S.:

The WESTERN METROPOLIS was a wooden side-paddle steamship built by F. Z. Tucker, Brooklyn, and launched in 1863, for George Griswold, A. Benner,
William Wall, and others; contemporary reports list her as belonging to the firm of Benner & Brown. 2,269 tons as built (remeasured in 1865 at 2,092 tons); 285 ft 4 in x 40 ft 8 in x 23 ft (length x breadth x depth of hold); draft 16 ft; straight stem, 1 funnel, 2 masts. Her engine (75 inch bore; 12 foot stroke) had been built in 1848 by Merrick & Towne, Philadelphia, and had served two Great Lakes steamers, the EMPIRE STATE, built in 1848, and the WESTERN METROPOLIS, built in 1856--it is from this vessel that she took her name--new boilers, wheels, and general reconditioning by Morgan Iron Works. Described by a contemporary, Capt. George H. Norton, as a "very slow, clumsy, unwieldy, hard steering steamer". Chartered by the Quartermaster Corps immediately upon completion for $850 per day, and kept in continuous use from December 1863 until late January 1865. First voyage, New York-New Orleans; on the return voyage, seized the steamer ROSITA, with a cargo of munitions and liquor, and towed her prize into Key West on 29 January 1864. Spent most of 1864 ferrying troops and supplies between New York and Hampton Roads, in support of the Union Army's activities in Virginia; northbound, carried hundreds of sick and wounded. December 1864, loaded troops for the attack on Fort Fisher. 20 February 1865, single roundtrip (and first commercial) voyage, New York-Greytown, chartered to M. O. Roberts. April 1865, single roundtrip voyage, New York-New Orleans, chartered to H. B. Cromwell & Co. May-July 1865, New York-New Orleans, chartered by Quartermaster Corps. August 1865, single roundtrip voyage, New York-New Orleans, chartered to W. H. Robson & Co; returned with a record cargo of 3,000 bales of cotton. 30 September 1865, single roundtrip voyage (her only voyage for her original owners, Benner & Brown), New York-Apalachicola, Florida, returning with a cargo of cotton. November 1865, sold to Ruger Brothers. Originally advertised to sail for the Ruger Brothers' North American Lloyd Line to Bremen via Southampton on 17 March 1866, the WESTERN METROPOLIS did not sail until 28 June 1866. However, she had been refitted with paddle wheels that shed their floats in anything but a dead calm, and the WESTERN METROPOLIS was forced to turn around and put in to Boston, which she reached on 6 July 1866, before all the paddles were lost. After temporary repairs, on 10 July 1866, she sailed for New York (arrived 19 July), unable to continue the voyage to Bremen; laid up. Late 1866, together with the other vessels of the North American Lloyd Line, sold to Isaac Taylor's New York & Bremen Steamship Co. 7 March 1867, first voyage, New York-Cowes-Bremen (arrived after a voyage of 17 days). Continued to make eastbound sailings at approximately eight-week intervals. 24 August 1867, sailed from New York on fourth (and last) voyage for New York & Bremen Steamship Co; 8 September 1867, arrived at Southampton with a broken shaft; repaired at Southampton, and proceeded on to Bremen; on return passage, reached New York 6 November 1867, from Bremen 20 October 1867 and Cowes 22 October 1867, with 921 passengers; there had been 3 deaths on the passage: an infant, a case of delirium tremens, and a case of apoplexy. 30 June 1868, sold for $57,000; her new owner advertised her for sale for the rest of 1868 and all of 1869, without success. 1870, acquired by Merchants' Steamship Co, Frederic Baker, agent, for its New York-New Orleans service. 12 March and 9 April 1870, two roundtrip voyages, New York-New Orleans. 18 May 1870, Capt. H. S. Quick, sailed from New York for Havre-Bremen-Copenhagen-Swinemunde-Kiel-Christiansand, chartered to Ruger Brothers. Returned by the northern route, arriving New York 7 July 1870, with 954 passengers; from the Shetlands to Newfoundland the weather had been cold and foggy: 3 infants among the passengers died, as did one sailor, of pneumonia. September 1870, returned to New York-New Orleans service. October 1871, port shaft cracked on voyage from New York to New Orleans; shaft replaced at sea. February-August 1873, laid up. 13 February 1875, last voyage, New York-New Orleans-New York (arrived 9 March 1875). March 1875, Merchants' Steamship Co ceased operations. 1875-1878, laid up; several changes of ownership reported; last sale to Cornelius Delamater, who bought her for $15,000. March 1878, at the Delamater Iron Works, on the North River side of Manhattan, where her engine was removed. I have no information on her later history or ultimate fate [Cedric Ridgely-Nevitt, American Steamships on the Atlantic (Newark: University of Delaware Press, [1981], pp. 329-330]. - [Posted to the Emigration-Ships Mailing List by Michael Palmer - 29 August 1998]


Send mail to with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © 2002-05 Bogenschneider Family
Last modified: 02/28/05
• Truher_Gottlieb Kaszubs Jones Island, Milwaukee, 1872 as property custodians
• 1 - Gottlieb-sumCourtCases1872-1902-e.doc , dated 2009-12-24 is a MSword file which Jack has made to gather a court case, pointing to a living and property stewardship arrangement which Gottlieb established within the first year or two of his arrival as an immigant.

Two court cases involving Gottlieb Truher:

Supreme Court of Wisconsin

Aug Term 1902
Illinois Steel Co. v. Budzisz, 115 Wis. 68

-- and another case --

March 1901
Illinois Steel Company v. Bilot. [109 Wis. 418, 85 n. w. 402.]
"Bilot" really is "Bilot", no spelling error.

quotes and sources collected by Jack Truher, 2009-12-24

See page 74 of
Illinois Steel Co. v. Budzisz

Report 115, Cases Determined in the Supreme Court of Wisconsin,
July 19 -- November 28, 1902, by Frederic K. Conover,
Official Reporter.Chicago Callaghan and Company 1903.

by following that link, then searching "Gottlieb" in left search box we find that the name, Gottlieb, appears only once in the whole book, and on page 74: on the case:

Illinois Steel Co v. Budzisz, 115 Wis. 68

"Prior to 1872 several persons, strangers to tho patent title, occupied parts of the island. The adverse holdings were apart from each other. They were, as stated by some of the witnesses, all over the island. One of the settlers was
Gottlieb Truher. He sold his place to Jacob Muza in 1872 for $100, not making any written conveyance. Muza occupied such place, with slight interruptions, continuously from the time he purchased the same till the commencement of this action. Some time prior to 1890, and not earlier than 1885, Muza designated a place on the island for one Peer to locate. The latter made a fill at the place designated, of sufficient size for the foundation of a house, and constructed one thereon. Thereafter he enlarged the filled space and inclosed the same on three sides with a fence, leaving an opening at the back part of his lot, and thereafter continued to extend the fill till he occupied the entire premises described in the complaint. He occupied the same continuously from the time the house was built till 1890, when he sold his right to the premises to the defendant, who immediately took possession thereof and occupied the same till the commencement of this action.
"There was evidence to the effect that
Truher, in 1872, claiming possession of and dominion over the entire island, sold all his rights to Muza, and that thereafter the latter exercised dominion over the territory continuously till this action was commenced, except as he surrendered portions thereof from time to time to persons desiring to locate homes thereon; that in 1887 there were upwards of 200 settlers on the island; that the number largely increased thereafter before the commencement of this action. The acts of possession which witnesses testified that Muza exercised were as follows: As soon as ho purchased of Truher he explored the island, traveling part of the time on foot and part of the time in a boat. Immediately thereafter he commenced to improve the island. He continued to improve it till this action was commenced. The improvements were made chiefly by permitting persons to settle on the island, not exacting any compensation therefor except that they should aid in making the territory suitable for habitations. All the settlers did more or less work in improving the island under Muza's direction. The brush on the island was all cleared off and put into the low places. Filling was done by using ashes and all material that could be obtained. Some trees were planted. Some structures were made to prevent inroads from the waters of the lake. During all the time it was generally understood that Muza controlled the island. Persons who desired to settle thereon looked to him for directions in improving the territory. Undesirable characters 'were prohibited by him from' coming upon the island. Some persons who came to fish and hunt were compelled by him to go away. Truher, being called as a witness, testified that he never claimed any interest in any part. of the island except that occupied by his house, and that he did not sell or pretend to sell any other interest to Muza."

========================== ==========================

We also have a second link, next page, which I think Michael sent Jack is:



where I have here extracted about Gottlieb in the attached rtf file.What follows is the language that tells us most about Gottlieb:
case begins on page 905
quote begins page 908 of ILLINOIS STEEL CO. v. BILOT. [109 Wis. 418, 85 N. W. 402.]
really is Bilot

"In 1872 some nine families resided on the territory called "Jones island." It was then, and had been theretofore and was thereafter, all covered by water, except as artificially changed. In 1872 one
Truher had a house on the submerged territory, supported in some way in the shallows, or resting on a piece of made land, but just how did not clearly appear. Truher pretended to exercise dominion over the entire territory and prevented any person from locating thereon without his permission. In 1872 Truher made a verbal transfer of his house to one Jacob Muza, and authorized the latter to exercise the same control that he had over the entire territory, but there was no paper transfer, Muza took such possession as was practicable, and exercised dominion as Truher did. Muza testified that when Truher gave him the property it was all submerged by water and mud as deep as over his head; and that the particular place allotted by him to Bilot was of no use until artificially raised above the level of the water."

skip much text argumentation until page 919, then read on:

"Complaint is made because, in the statement of facte upon which the former opinion was based, it was said that
Truher pretended to exercise dominion over the entire territory, and prevented any person from locating thereon without his permission. Notwithstanding the confident assertion of counsel that there is no such evidence in the record, either in a literal sense or within the range of reasonable inferences, we still think that, on the whole, what was stated and is so criticised is a fair inference from the testimony of Muza. Certainly Truher, according to Muza's evidence, pretended to own the island. He was living there when Muza came upon the scene. He asserted the right of dominion over the island. He pretended to sell and deliver possession thereof to Muza, asserting at the time that no one could take it from him but Lake Michigan. "
• Gottlieb family and children in Minnesota, 1870-1940
• Kluck_Alexander: is not established by any documentation as a relative of Caroline Pein Truher. Caroline's assertion was repeated, orally, but infrequently. It could be simply a statement of ethnic pride, invented by Caroline. What follows is by Jack Truher in an email 2010-05-19.

Subject: Alexander von Kluck of WW1 YOU DUMB KLUCK
From: Jack Truher
Date: Wed, 19 May 2010 12:39:04 -0700
To: Jim Truher , Michael Truher

Pride goeth before the fall.
You may remember that the Truhers made a genetic claim to a cousin in German General Alexander von Kluck of WW1.  I've learned a bit more, prompted by a story on the German interest in a united states of Europe, something that von Kluck was interested in, using different language.
"Von Kluck is the inspiration for the expression ‘you dumb kluck.’ He is blamed for having departed from the Schlieffen Plan which Germany followed in its attack on France in 1914."
In the retellings of this connection, the "dumb kluck" darivation was missing.  I doubt if Dad knew it.  He would have enjoyed it.    

• Truher, Caroline Pein. Here is a web version photo of Caroline Pein at right perhaps helping with food services at a Haack family wedding, or serving at a wealthy family event.
We have also online in the same folder a picture of elderly immigrant Caroline Pein Truher, Gottlieb's wife, at high resolution
same url:
• Haack_Ron's, great genealogy charts
•  have been identified by me, as associated above. I don't know what is relationship of the three remaining.

"Kathleen Alice Bickelhaupt" < >,
"Kathleen Mary Tako" < >,
√ "Mike and Kathleen Rancour" < >,
"George Robert Janssen" < >,
√ "Paul Eugene Zadach" < >,
√ "Jeanie Smith Zadach" < >,
√ "John Burke Truher" < >,
√ "Dick Frank" < >

Ron's first link is a windows media experiment:

here is one exchange of email - revised for sharing here

Date: Sat, 29 Jan 2005 17:00:32 -0800
From: Jack Truher < >

Subject: map of Minneapolis and various cousins

Ron and Jack have been in communication since before 1998. Ron's cornacopea of descendant charts


and outlines which includes the Truher and Burke family. Look at the section under Truher. Of special interest, you find reports on Truher and Burke family, and our Haack cousins. Ron has also done a big chunk recently on the Fords, Jack's wife's family. The Pinske family is covered which was most closely connected to the Truher family in Western Minnesota in the late 19th century. Many of the other reports and pictures involved in-laws and relations to Truher family.

Ron accepted my summary (next section) of the basic surname connections, how the named blood lines in his genealogy charts connect with Truher family folks, or somebody I know, or how those surnames don't connect.

The best way to follow the learn the connections, I think, is to begin with an hourglass for each of the siblings: August (my grandfather), Augusta (Ron's grandmother), and Matheldie Truher. Florentine's descendant's combines these three charts. These hourglass charts for now do not expand the three siblings spouses trees into their past. I guess to do so makes for too elaborate a chart. We have to go to Ron's other charts for that.
• Jack's Army, Nike Missile experience
• About Jack's days as Battery Control Officer (BCO) for Nike Ajax anti-aircraft and Nike Hercules , nuclear-armed anti-air, anti-missile, ground-ground missiles.

In this record of my tarnished past, I am here responding to my lately found cousin, Ron, about my age, who had been a GE electronics engineer until retired.

To: Ron Haack < >

----- Original Message -----
From: < >Jack Truher
To: < >Ron Haack
Sent: Friday, March 25, 2005 6:11 PM
Subject: Re: GE toxic coolant and my Nike weekend missile days

Your hazardous materials experience, Ron, reminds me of my days as Battery Control Officer (BCO) for
Nike Ajax anti-aircraft and Nike Hercules , nuclear-armed anti-air, anti-missile, ground-ground missiles. These hundreds of sites were active only from 1954-1963, exactly my time for training and execution. The national effort was ultimately determined as unworkable, too expensive, and more provocative than disarmament. I found a web site today which includes some "alumni" email address for the sites where I serviced: SF-31, Lake Chabot / Castro Valley where I was Executive Officer; and SF-51, Milagra/Pacifica where I was Site Commanding Officer for 6-8 months as a civilian National Guard placeholder without troops while the actual battery personnel were in training in Texas. Expensive it was, and in some ways preposterous. These sites were all in line of sight with local suburban homes. The radar and control centers were exposed in unprotected trailers to coordinated enemy rifle attack that would have crippled the intended ground to air defense response.

I was called to World War III duty during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and later at a missile firing, training mission in Fort Bliss (El Paso), Texas, during the week that U.S. Pres John Kennedy was killed, November 1963.

Then I was impressed by the Berkeley Free Speech movement a year later. And the rest is history.

When I began my so-called career at SLAC, Stanford, I was immediately impressed again that the so-called management at SLAC was amateurish and incompetent by comparison to the U.S. Army whose officers of my experience, who were by comparison competent, capable, and efficient to a degree that would have made my Prussian ancestors proud.

Ajax fluids include: Missile sustainer motor: JP4 aviation fuel and; hypergolic starter fluid 1.) Aniline/furfuryl alcohol. 2.) Dimethyl-hydrazine. 3.) < >Red fuming nitric acid. Red fuming nitric acid was the last starter fluid used.

• JWT1+Helen, + Helen Nelson's 90th birthday testimonial
• Helen Nelson was Jack Truher's Godmother, among many other manifestations of being Helen Burke Truher's best friend. Jack prepared a 90th birthday testimonial for Helen Nelson at request of her daughter, Malinda.

same link:
• Nellie Truher w JWT1+Helen: Jim-Jack-Michael
• Subject: Nellie Barrett Truher, April 1940

To: , , Haack_Ronald
From: Jack Truher < >

Brother Michael saw a photo of his grandmother Truher while on his and Sherryl's RV trip, staying overnight with us in Los Altos about a week ago. Because his middle name is Barrett, I scanned this picture for him. I was reminded of my mother's text album, elsewhere included in the my/our < >family online notebook. The picture is of Nellie Barrett Truher , my grandmother.

The picture is a part of photo album, HBT-PA-02, not yet included in this Notebook. Surrounding pictures on the same album page indicate the picture was taken on the Riverton Heights property in April 1940. Lots of room for development. Jack was about two years old. The baby being held in this picture is Claire Louise Truher, daughter of Lewis (my father's brother) and Clara.

Reading again my mother's text album for JWT2, I find mother's (Helen's) recounting of her husband's beginning construction on their first owned home on the corner property given them by grandfather August. Open this story below:
• Social Security Death Records for Truher surname
• social security death records for "Truher"

Entry Truher in here to find some death records online
• Thomas Burke, Tale of, by Ron Haack √
• The Tale of Thomas Burke:

Ron Haack:

separate chart

Here is a stripped down report on Thomas Burke. It shows who was born when and which state. It sort of jibes with Lori's tree, except she has more names. This and her data show Indiana births before, during and after the Civil War (there was a lull from 12/22/1861 to 3/6/1964), and then a transition to Wisconsin somewhere around 1869.

Descendants of Thomas Burke
Generation No. 1
1. THOMAS2 BURKE (JAMES1)1 was born 1831 in Bally Griffen, County Tipperary, Ireland1,2, and died April 02, 1883 in Richland Center, Wisconsin3. He married CATHERINE STAPLETON3 June 27, 1857 in Tippecanoe County Indiana4, daughter of PATRICK STAPLETON and ?. She was born 1835 in Bally Griffen, Tipperary County, Ireland5, and died September 03, 1908 in Richland Center, Wisconsin5.
i. H
ANNORAH3 BURKE5, b. 1859, Dayton, Tippecanoe County Indiana5; m. PATRICK MANNING5.
ii. T
HOMAS BURKE5, b. December 22, 1861, Dayton, Tippecanoe County Indiana5; d. November 19, 1936, Marshall, Wisconsin5; m. ETTA BRIGGS5, February 26, 1895, Richland Center, Wisconsin5.
iii. J
AMES DANIEL BURKE6, b. March 06, 1864, Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana6; d. October 15, 1924, Torrence, California6; m. CATHERINE MARY MURPHY, November 06, 1888, Richland Center, Wisconsin6; b. November 13, 1871, Chicago, Illinois6; d. August 1955, Altadena, California6.
iv. M
ARGARET BURKE7, b. 1868, Dayton, Tippecanoe County Indiana7; d. September 22, 1933, Chicago, Illinois7; m. JOHN O'KEEFE7, Abt. 1899, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois7.
v. J
OHN BURKE7, b. November 14, 1870, Dayton Township, Richland County Wisconsin7; d. January 04, 1944, Richland Center, Wisconsin7; m. HANNAH O'KEEFE7, 1906, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois7.
vi. P
ATRICK BURKE7, b. May 14, 1873, Richland Center, Wisconsin7; d. June 13, 1911, Eagle Township, Richland County Wisconsin7; m. ELIZABETH BURTON7.
vii. M
ICHAEL FRANCIS BURKE7, b. September 18, 1877, Richland Center, Wisconsin7; d. June 13, 1911, Eagle Township, Richland County Wisconsin7; m. ROSE HARRIS7, November 27, 1902, Richland Center, Wisconsin7.
1. Thomas Burke Data Sheet by Helen Kathryn Burke, EdD, handwritten, about 1980, Burke, Thomas, General List of Family Data, is attached to Thomas Burke Scrapbook.
2. Naturalization Petition, Thomas Burke, October 11, 1858, Citizenship Papers, (County Room Brewer Library, given by Helen Sandenof Edgerton, WI), "To the Judge of the Tippecanoe Circuit Court, In theState of Indiana: Thomas Burk Being an Alien, and a free white person,makes the following report of himself: upon his solemn oath declaresthat he is aged 27 years; that he was born in the County of Tippraray inthe Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland that he emigrated from Liverpoolin the year one thousand eight hundred and forty two; that he arrived inthe United States at the City of Baltimore in the State of Maryland onthe 29 day of September eighteen hundred and forty two that he owesallegiance to Victoria Queen of Great Britain & Ireland and that it isbona fide his intention to become a citizen of the United States ofAmerica, and to renounce forever allegiance and fidelity to any foreignprince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever; and particularly toVictoria Queen as ? of whom he is a subject. Sworn to and Subscribed,Before me, on the 11 day of October A.D. 1858, William ? Ellis ClerkC.C."In this petition in 1858, Thomas Burke states that he is 27 years old, which would put his birth year as about 1831, which differs from the first source oh Helen Burke Truher. This second source appears to be more reliable..
3. Thomas Burke Data Sheet by Helen Kathryn Burke, EdD, handwritten, about 1980, Burke, Thomas, General List of Family Data, is attached to Thomas Burke Scrapbook.
4. Marriage Certificate of Thomas Burke and Catherine Stapleton, Marriage Certificate, (County Room Brewer Library, given by Helen Sandenof Edgerton, WI), Thomas Burk and Catherine Stapleton married June 27,1857 in the state if Indiana, Tippecanoe County..
5. Thomas Burke Data Sheet by Helen Kathryn Burke, EdD, handwritten, about 1980, Burke, Thomas, General List of Family Data, is attached to Thomas Burke Scrapbook.
6. James Burke Data Sheet by Helen Kathryn Burke, EdD, handwritten, about 1980, Burke, James, General List of Family Data, is attached to James Burke Scrapbook.
7. Thomas Burke Data Sheet by Helen Kathryn Burke, EdD, handwritten, about 1980, Burke, Thomas, General List of Family Data, is attached to Thomas Burke Scrapbook.

• Thomas and Catherine Burke , a compilation by Jack Truher √
• On Thomas and Catherine Burke , a compilation by Jack Truher copied here, with links, here below:
• These are some additional records Jack Truher received on August 16, 2003 from Marylou Burke, widow of Joe Burke, nephew of Jack’s (JBT) mother, Helen Burke Truher ( descendent of Thomas and Catherine Burke ). Helen Burke Truher was daughter of Thomas and Catherine Burke's son, James (1864-1924). Mrs. Marylou Burke is currently of Tucson, Arizona.

Image of Thomas Burke
gravestone in Richland Center graveyard. This picture includes marker of Thomas Burke as Mexican War veteran as appears at his gravesite.

page 1, prepared date October 11, 1858. “
To the Judge of the Tippacanoe Circuit Court . This is application for citizenship by Thomas Burk, dated October 11, 1958 at which date Thomas was 27 years old. Thomas was born in Ireland, County Tippirary, emigrated from Liverpool in the year 1842. He arrived in Baltimore, Maryland on September 29, 1842. We know from other documents in this group that Thomas served for a few weeks in the Mexican American War of ~1848.

page 2, prepared date July 8,1892. “
Mexican War Pensions, Act of January 29, 1887 ” This is an application, dated July 8, 1892, for Mexican War widow’s pension. Thomas Burk had died on April 2, 1883. We observe that the clerk spells Thomas’ wife’s name, “Catherine Bourke”, in this document and Thomas’ name, “Bourke”. Thomas and Catherine were married June 28, 1854. It appears that neither the government, nor Catherine, had any solid documentation that Thomas had actually served in the Mexican War. Catherine states that she “believes he (Thomas) served sometime over sixty days (apparently the qualifying term). She remember(s) he said he was in hospital with bloody flux (war wound assumed) for three weeks after the rest (of his military unit) were discharged.”

page 3.
- continues page 2 , prepared date July 8,1892. This page is prepared by a “clerk of the (Catherine’s local) Circuit Court, and certifies that Catherine is a “credible person and of good report for truth and veracity in the community”.

page 4, prepared July 28, 1892. This page, “
Widow’s Service Pension ” may have served to record authorization for pension fund participation, or it may be otherwise. Comment in middle of document is by government clerk, dated July 28, 1892. It stipulates that the government has “no official service (record) for Thomas, and no evidence that he had been “invalid” (ed)”, i.e. disabled. This may simply record a finding of fact, and would not necessarily have negated a widow’s participation in a pension fund. The page has an entry at bottom from Catherine’s attorney, apparently received on July 13, 1892, from the government on her application for pension.

I believe from earlier evidence that Catherine Burke did receive this modest pension, but I can not recall now the source of this impression.

-- Jack Truher August 17, 2003
This page revised 2010m0424 on Notetaker. Links are all OK fixed in text above as of 2010m0424

additionally of interest:
• Thomas Burke by Lori Manning √
•  Records by Lori Manning (previously Lori Berg) 05/06/00
by John Burke Truher, 05/10/00

Our web friendly
Burke genealogist , Lori Manning, provides email, reconstructed below:
• Thomas Burke + Catherine Stapleton, Wedding Certificate, 1857 √
• Here is a hand written copy of the 1857 State of Indiana Wedding Certificate for Thomas Burke and Catherine Stapleton. I believe this was received from Mrs. Marylou Burke, wife of Joe Burke (Leo [Glen] Burke's son), now living at 2324 W. Calle Zamora, AZ 85710

same URL:
• data from Helen Burke Truher √
• folder: burk e Grandmother Burke, misc photos and docs

Ancestor compilation, prepared by Helen Burke Truher about 1965

Scenic, Wash, 1938, Jack Truher's grandmother, Catherine Murphy Burke, with grandchildren Jimmie and baby Jack

Helen Truher's parents, data sheet

Jim & Helen Truher's parents, essay by HBT (partial here)

Jack with grandmother Kathryn Mary (Murphy) Burke and Jim($) in Altadena about 1943